Comprehension Instruction for passage: Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer from the given alternatives:

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Smoking is the single largest preventable cause of death worldwide. It is killing about 2200 people in India every day which means one every forty seconds. It is alarming that in spite of this smoking is increasing among the youth of India. According to a World Bank study India, Indonesia and China are the only countries in the world where the incidence of smoking is going up. It is increasing not only in cities but also in towns and villages. Higher education groups are also taking to smoking more readily. Since smoking enjoys social acceptance. It is easy to get cigarettes. What starts as an experiment, soon turns into a habit. It is difficult to give up smoking because, unlike other drugs, the craving for it is immediate. Nicotine in cigarettes brings structural changes to the brain. Its non-availability can cause symptoms of agitation. Smoking also has a strong associational aspect. People smoke while reading, after meals, or with a cup of coffee.

In India daily about 2200 people die:

  1. Due to fraud activities
  2. Due to starvation
  3. Due to smoking
  4. Due to accidents

In India daily about 2200 people die due to smoking. Let’s look at the opening two sentences of the provided paragraph: The leading preventable cause of mortality in the world is smoking. In India, it kills roughly 2200 people daily, or one every forty seconds According to the aforementioned claim, 2200 persons in India die every day as a result of smoking.

Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals. Here are some substances that are potentially toxic to both smokers and non-smokers. This compound, naturally occurring in tobacco plants, is responsible for making tobacco smoking highly addictive. Nicotine can alter the way the body works within seconds of being inhaled, causing increased blood pressure and heart rate, changes in brain waves, and other related effects. , are two other highly toxic chemicals found in cigarette smoke. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that is released when cigarettes are burned. That is why many smokers hold their breath even after light exercise. Carbon monoxide reduces the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to vital organs such as the heart, brain, and muscles.

Hydrocyanic acid is a gas once used in chemical warfare. It damages the tiny hairs in your lungs that help keep them clean. Frequent exposure to this chemical through smoking can cause weakness, headache, nausea, vomiting, rapid breathing, eye irritation, among other symptoms. 3 of the more than 70 chemicals released when burning can cause cancer. A sticky black residue, tar contains hundreds of chemicals. It causes discoloration of teeth, fingers and lungs. Damages the lavage system of the lungs and is a major cause of laryngeal and lung cancer

Not only is formaldehyde used to preserve animals for laboratory dissection, but it is also inhaled from cigarette smoke. In addition to carcinogenic effects, formaldehyde can cause respiratory problems and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Benzene is a potent carcinogen and has been linked to leukemia and other types of cancer. Benzene is toxic at all exposure levels and is prohibited for industrial use. Still, smokers inhale every puff.

But these are not the only causes of the negative effects of smoking. In fact, cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, more than 70 of which are known to cause cancer. These include heavy metals, toxic gases and chemicals used as pesticides. Tobacco use is associated with cancers of the lungs, mouth, throat, kidneys and bladder. heart disease, such as heart attack and stroke; emphysema and chronic bronchitis; and tooth loss and periodontal disease.


In India, smoking is responsible for roughly 2200 deaths every day. Cigarette smoking is harmful because when a person smokes, dirty air (smoke) enters the lungs of the person and others, and can cause problems such as cancer and asthma. It can even lead to death.

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