How to Prepare Reasoning for IBPS RRB Office Assistant Prelims 2022

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

There are around 4-5 months remaining for the IBPS RRB Office Assistant exam. There are two sections in the prelims examination, namely Reasoning Ability and Numerical Ability. Both sections contain 40 questions with 1 mark for each right answer and 1/4th negative marking. 

In this article, we are discussing the Reasoning Ability preparation strategy for the IBPS RRB Office Assistant exam 2022. If you want to score well in the prelims examination of the IBPS RRB Clerk exam 2022, then read this article to have a better understanding of how to prepare for reasoning section for IBPS RRB exam 2022.  

The reasoning ability is one of the Prelims exams of IBPS RRB Office Assistant 2022. Both of the sections have equal value and you cannot neglect or avoid any one of these. In this article, we are sharing a few important preparation tips for the exam. These will help you all in preparing for the reasoning ability section. 

Strategy for Reasoning Preparation for IBPS RRB Office Assistant 2022

In IBPS RRB Office Assistant Prelims Exam, there is a total of 40 questions in the reasoning section. Although the level of reasoning section is getting tougher day by day, in IBPS RRB Office Assistant Prelims, you can expect the level of this section easy to moderate. 

The topics given below are expected to be asked in IBPS RRB Office Assistant 2022 Exam-


Expected number of questions

Expected Level of Questions

Inequality ( Most Probably Direct)



Direction Sense 



Blood relation



Alphanumeric series/Number Series/Alphabet Series

5 Easy


 10 Easy-Moderate

Seating arrangement

 5 Easy-Moderate

Syllogism – Only/Only a Few Types

 5 Easy

Miscellaneous (Order and Ranking, Coding-Decoding, Alphabet Test, etc. )

 10 Easy

Overall the level of the paper generally leaned towards the easy level of difficulty. 

You can practice the most expected IBPS RRB PO & Clerk Prelims Mock tests in the BYJU’S Exam Prep IBPS RRB Test Series.

You can discern the most important topics for the reasoning ability section from the given above table. Below are the tips and tricks for these topics, read them carefully:

  •  Syllogism: The First thing you should be doing is clearing your basics. There are four central cases in the syllogism, which are, ‘All, No, Some, Some not. The general question, negative statement questions, and plausibility questions spin around these 4 cases. Solving previous year’s questions of syllogism will help you a great deal in understanding concepts. Always follow the Venn diagram strategy in the exam while solving questions of syllogism. Do practice a lot of syllogisms questions on the BYJU’S Exam Prep app before the actual examination. 
  • Inequality: This is important as well as the scoring topic of the RRB Office Assistant Exam. In prelims generally, questions based on direct inequalities are asked. There are five cases in inequality, which are: Greater than, Less than, Greater than or equal to, less than or equal to, and Equal. Understand and learn the concepts of inequalities by solving enough questions on BYJU’S Exam Prep.
  • Coding-decoding:  Understand the basics first and then solve questions from previous year’s papers to get an understanding. Good observation skill is needed for coding-decoding questions. You are expected to recognize ‘what is the code for which word’. An entirely new pattern of this topic has also been introduced in recent exams. Make sure that you study the questions based on the new pattern as well. In a new pattern, identify which coding trick applied to the word. After that, you will be able to recognize the entire coding pattern of that question.
  • Blood Relations, Directions, Order & Ranking: These are the easy and scoring topics that are asked in the exam. Study and master the basics of these topics and then practice enough questions to get yourself familiarized with all the tricks used to solve these topics. Sometimes, Blood relations and direction may be asked in coded form in the exam. Practice this question so that you can quickly solve them in the exam.
  • Puzzles and Seating Arrangement: These are the toughest topics that are asked in the examination. You should practice these topics on a daily basis to gain mastery over puzzles and seating arrangements. The good thing about these topics is that with logic and practice these can be solved very easily. The different types and complex levels of Puzzle/seating arrangement you will solve, the better your speed and accuracy will get while solving these questions in the exam.

You may go through the below table to get all the Reasoning Ability study notes for RRB Office Assistant 2022






Reverse Syllogism




Order & ranking


Basics of Inequality


Blood Relations


Direction Sense




Data Sufficiency


Basics of Puzzles 


Ranks of Alphabets

Tips to Score Well in IBPS RRB Office Assistant Reasoning Section

These are the important points that you should keep in mind while preparing for the IBPS RRB Office Assistant 2022 Exam: 

1. Thumb Rule:

Practice is the only key to success in any competitive examinations. Daily practicing of the weak, as well as your strong sections, is a must. You should practice all types of questions to excel in speed as well as increase accuracy.

2. Speed and Accuracy is a Must:

The two most important tools to get success in IBPS RRB Office Assistant Exam 2022 are good speed and maximum accuracy. You can increase your speed by practicing more and more questions. Try to solve both easy and tough questions while preparing. Pick complex problems and challenge yourself. But in the actual exam, Always try to attempt those questions in which you are certain of your answers to avoid any negative marking.

To watch concept classes and chapter-wise sessions by exam-qualified experts, you can try our IBPS RRB Online Coaching.

3. Time Management is the Key:

During the exam preparation of the IBPS RRB clerk 2022 exam and also during the exam, concentrate on the amount of time you take for a particular question. Do not spend too much time on any question, instead move on to another question. Only go back to that question after you have attempted all the other questions and still got some time left. 

4. Mock tests – Path to Perfections

Mock tests are the best way to check your performance. Mock Tests will not only help you in increasing your speed while solving the paper but also help you familiarize yourself with the User Interface of the actual exam. It also helps you to tackle the stress of the actual exam. While doing Mock tests, concentrate on clearing sectional cut off and gaining high scores too. 

The Prelims of IBPS RRB PO is consist of Quantitative Aptitude and Reasoning Ability. Total 40 questions will be asked from each section in the upcoming IBPS RRB Officer Scale I Preliminary phase and so it is important that you should have a proper understanding of how you can prepare the Reasoning Ability section for the IBPS RRB Officer Scale-I Exam!

Tips for Reasoning Preparation for IBPS RRB Officer Scale I 2022

In order to crack the IBPS RRB selection, you need to excel in the reasoning section of the exam. Now, let us have a look at the number of topics that you need to prepare in the reasoning section for the IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 exam.


Topic-Wise Tips for IBPS RRB PO 2022:

  • Puzzles and Seating Arrangement:
  1. According to the last year’s exam analysis, the bulk of the questions in the Reasoning section will be asked from topics Puzzles and Seating Arrangement.
  2. You can not avoid these topics so try to devote maximum time to these topics. 
  3. First understand the basic approach to solve various puzzles such as Scheduling, Floor based, tabulation, and seating arrangement-based questions.
  • Inequality:
    1. It is asked in nearly all reasoning sections of various bank exams.
    2. Inequality is seemingly the easiest topic of the Reasoning section. So, Practice inequalities thoroughly. You can easily expect 5 questions from these topics.
  • Syllogism:
    1. These questions should be practiced based on new as well as the old pattern.
    2. Nowadays, Only/Only a few types of syllogisms are asked in the prelims of the IBPS RRB OS 1.
    3. They generally have 2-3 statements followed by 2-3 conclusions, and you have to find out whether they are true or false.
    4. Understand the Venn Diagram based approach to solve the syllogism questions. You can score very well once you get the gist.
  • Coding-Decoding:
    1. You can expect 5 number questions from this topic.
    2. If practised well, you can easily score 4-5 marks in the exam.
    3. Practice all the types of it like alphabet coding, letter coding, fictitious language-based, etc. 
  • Blood Relations:
    1. Learn and Understand the approach to solve these questions.
    2. Study the basic rules to solve the questions like the signs/symbols used to denote male/female and the symbol notation used to the family tree.
    3. Also, practice blood relations-based puzzle questions as well.
  • Direction Sense:
    1. This is also easy and scoring topics of the exam.
    2. Understand how to solve questions of direction sense, and then practice enough to get a good speed and accuracy. 
  • Alphanumeric Series/ Alphabet test:
    1. Questions from the Alphanumeric Series/ Alphabet test are frequently asked in RRB Exams.
    2. These topics are easy to solve and take less time.
    3. Understand the ranks of alphabets, Learn the laws of finding positions.  

Attempt quizzes of different topics from the link given below:

Attempt Daily Quizzes of Reasoning Ability on BYJU’S Exam Prep: Reasoning Ability Quiz 

Given below are some of the important tips that you should keep in mind while preparing for the Reasoning section.

1. Time Management:

  • The preliminary exam of IBPS RRB Officer Scale-I is of qualifying nature and in order to appear for the second phase, i.e. the main level of this exam, you are required to clear the sectional along with the overall cutoff.
  • Efficient Time Management becomes crucial here. 
  • You have to divide the 45 minutes, i.e. total time period for prelims carefully between the two sections. Effective time management is a prerequisite in order to clear cutoffs of both levels.
  • Make sure to devote at least 20 minutes to the reasoning section in the exam.

2. Conceptual Clarity

  • Conceptual clarity is of prime importance to ace the exam. 
  • Get in-depth knowledge of the IBPS RRB syllabus.
  • The overall difficulty level and the pattern of the topics asked in the exam have been changing a lot during the past 2 years. You never know what new pattern IBPS might introduce this year so your foundation must be based on the concepts.
  • To avoid such shocks in the exam, it is imperative that your concepts are clear.
  • This is because questions in the exam are asked from a fixed set of topics. The only variation is the manner in which they are presented.
  • If you understand the basic approach of any topic, attempting it would be comparatively easy, no matter how it is asked in the exam.

3. Regular Practice

  • Practice makes a man perfect and these exams are no exceptions.
  • No matter how much you mug up formulas/ concepts of topics it will be of no use unless you exercise the questions based on those topics, you won’t be able to attempt them accurately and quickly in exams.
  • Topics such as Puzzles and Seating Arrangements take up a lot of time and effort in the exam and they are asked in great numbers. So, make a habit of practicing these topics on a daily basis.
  • This will help you increase your speed and you’ll be able to answer questions in less time.
  • Try to devote at least 2-3 hours regularly to your study.

4. Mock Tests

  • Attempting mock tests is equally important for you at this stage as it will tell you about your weaknesses and Strengths.
  • Not only do Mock tests help you practice in the proper exam interface but they are also helpful in creating a habit of smooth movement across sections.
  • They will help you track your performance and also get you ready for the actual exam in a better and more effective way.
  • Mock tests will help you a great deal with effective time management in the actual exam environment since you’ll be accustomed to the time frame in which you attempt the 2 sections in RRB Officer Scale – I Exam.

5. Regular Self Analysis

  • Analyzing how you have been performing in the mock test is very important. If you do not analyze your preparation then you’ll never learn about your mistakes.
  • You can get an understanding from the IBPS RRB cut-off and plan accordingly. 
  • Unless you keep a check on your performance status in different topics, you won’t be able to identify which of them need improvement. 
  • Analysis of mock tests is important. When you go through your performance in mock tests, you’ll be able to distinguish your mistakes in a better way; and this will help you a great deal in the exam.

Expert Tips for IBPS RRB 2022 Reasoning Preparation

  • First, go through the IBPS RRB Syllabus for a proper understanding of the chapters included.
  • Start preparing from any standard book available in the market.
  • Practice sectional tests, chapter-wise tests, and mock tests once 70% syllabus is covered to access your level of understanding.
  • Practice puzzles and seating arrangements regularly.
  • Keep touch with easy and mark fetching chapters like inequality, syllogism, direction-sense, blood relation, etc.

To help you analyze your performance and to make you exam-ready with an actual exam-like experience, we have launched a new course for your IBPS RRB 2022 exam preparation. Check the details of the course and take a free trial now.

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