IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 2022 – Download PDF

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 2020: The IBPS PO 2020 Prelims exam will be conducted in the month of October 2020. Therefore, you must start the exam preparation by now. Also, like other banking exams, sectional timing has been introduced in this exam too. So, you have to give equal importance to all the subjects.

The first step to kick-start your exam preparation is to get familiar with the syllabus. We have shared below the detailed syllabus of Quantitative Aptitude section of IBPS PO Preliminary Exam 2020. It is suggested to complete the syllabus first before you jump into the advance methods of exam preparation.  

The online exam will be held in two phases:

  • Prelims (Tier I)
  • Mains Exam (Tier II)

The first phase of IBPS PO will be held in October on various dates i.e. 3rd October, 10th October and 11th October

IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2020

Before moving ahead, you must be aware of the IBPS PO exam pattern and syllabus so that you can qualify the exam with good score.

IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Exam Pattern 2020

IBPS PO Prelims exam consist of 3 sections:

The most crucial section out of these three sections is Quantitative Aptitude. This section can be scoring for many of the candidates while some of the candidates might face difficulty in clearing the sectional cut-off of this section. Read IBPS PO cut off for a better idea.

So, in this article, we are providing you detailed syllabus & pattern of the Quantitative Aptitude section of IBPS PO Prelims Exam that will help you crack IBPS PO.

Quantitative Aptitude Exam Pattern for IBPS PO 2020

  • Consists of 35 questions 
  • 20 minutes are alloted to attempt the section
  • 1 mark will be awarded for every right answer
  • 0.25 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer
  • Total 35 marks 

IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Important Topics

  • Simplification/Approximation 
  • Number Series 
  • Quadratic Equation 
  • Data Interpretation (Tabular/Bar Graph/Pie Chart/Missing DI/Line Graph)
  • Miscellaneous (Profit Loss, Average, SI & CI, Ratio & Proportion, Time & Work, Time, Speed & Distance, Boats & Streams, and Probability etc.)
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Quantity Based Question

1. Simplification/Approximation – Simplification means to find out a final answer for a complex calculation. Simplification questions are asked to check the ability of a student to deal with numbers. Questions from this topic can be asked in one of the following two types-

  • Sometimes, a calculation is given and one of the numbers is missing from the calculation. To find out the missing number, we have to approximate the given numbers or do the basic operations.

Q. Find out the missing number: 9876 ÷ 24.96 + 215.005 – ? = 309.99


Using the rounding concept

9875 ÷ 25 + 215 – ? = 310

Using the BODMAS rule

395 + 215 – ? = 310

610 – ? = 310

? = 300

  • Sometimes all the numbers are given with some operations between them & we have to simplify the calculation.

Q. Simplify the calculation: 127.001 * 7.998 + 6.05 * 4.001


Using the rounding concept

127 * 8 + 6 * 4

Using the BODMAS rule

1016 + 24


2. Number Series – As the name suggests that we have numbers which are written in a sequence thus making a ‘Number Series’. These numbers are written in a sequence because they follow a specific pattern. So we have to observe the pattern.

Generally, two types of questions can be asked from number series:

  • Sometimes, a series is given and one of the numbers is missing from the series. To find out the missing number, we have to observe the pattern followed by given numbers in series. This pattern is followed by the missing number as well which helps us in identifying the missing number.

Q. Find out the missing number: 1, 3, 9, 31, ? ,651


1*1+2 = 3

3*2+3 = 9

9*3+4 = 31

31*4+5 = 129

129*5+6 = 651

  • Sometimes all the numbers of the series are given but one of the numbers doesn’t follow the pattern followed by rest of the numbers of the series. So we have to identify the pattern to eliminate inappropriate/wrong number in the series.

Q. Find out the wrong number in the series: 26, 37, 50, 63, 82


52+1 = 25+1 = 26

62+1 = 36+1 = 37

72+1 = 49+1 = 50

82+1 = 64+1 = 65

92+1 = 81+1 = 82

As we can see that number 63 in the series doesn’t follow the pattern followed by other numbers. So this is the wrong number in the series and it will be our answer to this question.

3. Quadratic Equation – The questions from this topic consist of a single variety of questions generally. One quadratic equation in variable x and another quadratic equation in variable y is given. We have to solve the equations individually to find out the value of x and y both. After finding the values, we have to choose one option out of given options which consist of the relation between both variables i.e. x>y, y>x, x≥y, y≥x or relation can’t be established.

Q. Find out the relation between x and y.

I.x2 -23x + 132 = 0 
II.y2 – 25y +84 = 0


x2 –(11x+12x)+ (11*12) = 0

x2 -11x-12x+ (11*12) = 0

x(x-11) -12(x-11) = 0

(x-11)(x-12) = 0

x= 11 and 12

y2 – (21y+4y)+(21*4) = 0

y2 – 21y – 4y + (21*4) = 0

y(y-21) – 4(y-21) = 0

(y-21)(y-4) = 0

y = 4 and 21

As we can see that one value of y is less than both values of x and another value of y is more than both values of x. So no relation can be established between x and y.

4. Data Interpretation – This is one of the parts of Quant section which needs proper time. The most important thing that one should realize is that these questions are in the paper to check our observation and calculation both. Firstly, look at the data carefully, understand the small specifications and then look at the type of questions asked and It can be done within a minute. Now we have an idea of the complete data and the related questions so now it’s the time for some calculations.

So we can say that a set of data interpretation questions are basically the normal questions using the huge amount of data given in the form of pie chart/ bar chart/ line chart/ tabular form etc.


The number of players participating in three different games from six different countries:

Q. The number of players participating in Cricket from the country–4 is what percentage of the number of players participating in Badminton from country–1?

Just point out Cricket players from Country-4 = 80 players.

The number of Badminton players from Country-1 = 45 players.

The rest is just the application of the percentage formula.

Percentage = 80/45 * 100 = 177.77%

Q. If one-thirty-sixth of the number of teachers from university F is professors and the salary of each professor is Rs 96000, what will be the total salary of all the professors together from university F?


Number of teachers from university F = 18% of 6400 = 1152
Number of professors from university F = 1/36 of 1152 = 32
Total salary = 32*96000 = 3072000 = 30.72 lakh

5. Miscellaneous – This part of Quantitative Aptitude section has a variety of questions from various topics. So students must be well aware of the basic concepts of each of the topics given below:

  • Work & Time
  • Speed, Time & Distance
  • Simple & Compound Interest
  • Profit & Loss
  • Ratio & Proportion (Problems on Partnership, Ages)
  • Permutation & Combination
  • Probability
  • Percentage & Averages
  • Mixture & Allegations

Q. A shopkeeper earns a profit of 12% on selling a book at a 10% discount on the printed price. The ratio of the cost price to the printed price of the book is?

Solution: C.P. of the book = Rs. x
Printed price = Rs. y
(y×90)/100=x × 112/100

Q. 12 men can complete a piece of job in 56 days. In how many days can 28 men complete the same piece of the job?

Solution: 12 men can do a piece of work in 56 days.

1 man can do a piece of work in 56 × 12 days

28 men can do a piece of work in (56 x 12) /28 days = 24 days

So, this is the detailed syllabus of Quantitative Aptitude section for IBPS PO 2018 Prelims Exam.

One thing to keep in mind is that marks of IBPS PO prelims won’t be added for the final selection. So attempt the questions smartly.

5. Data Sufficiency : 

The first and foremost thing to do is go through the complete question properly first. This way, you will know about, what data is required to arrive at the answer to the given question. After that, proceed to the statements that have been provided. Don’t forget, you don’t have to solve the question completely. All you need to do is figure out if the data that has been provided to you is sufficient to answer the question. This saves the time that is spent on calculations or the complete solution. Make sure that you don’t spend too much time on these problems. Practice these types of questions thoroughly.

To solve such questions, have a deep knowledge of all miscellaneous topics like Percentage, Profit and loss, Ages, Averages, S.I and C.I, Mensuration, Time & Work, Time, Speed and Distance, etc. 

Now to have a clear picture of the above tips, let us consider the following example –

Direction: The question given below has a few statements along with it. You have to determine which of the statement/s is/are sufficient/necessary for answering the question and mark your answer accordingly: 

What is the cost of flooring the rectangular hall? 

I. Length and the breadth of the hall are in the ratio of 3:2.
II. Length of the hall is 96 m and the cost of flooring is Rs. 1700 per sqm.
III. The perimeter of the hall is 320 m and cost of flooring is Rs. 1700 per sqm.

A. I and II 
B. I and III 
C. Only III 
D. I and either II or III 
E. Any two of the three 

Ans. E. 

From Statement I :
Let the length and breadth be in the ratio of 3x and 2x

From statement II:
Length of hall = 96
 i.e. 3x=96
x=32 so breath =64
Cost of flooring= 32*96*1700=5222400

From statement III:
Hence length =96 and breath = 64
so cost = 5222400

Hence it is clear that we can find the cost by using any two of the given statements.

6. Mathematical Inequality/ Quantity based problems:

In this type of questions, you have been given two quantities and then you have to find the relation between those two quantities. Most of the times, a statement is given in the quantities and you need to find the values, so as to find the relationship between the quantities.

Direction: Find the correct relationship between the given quantities:

Quantity 1: In Town A, 1000 people live, and men & women comprise exactly half the population each. While 70% of the entire population is literate, only 60% men are literate. Q1 = Percent of women literates.

Quantity 2: In Town B, 2000 people live, and men & women comprise exactly half the population each. While 45% of the entire population is literate, only 40% of women are literate. Q2 = Percent men literates.

  1. Quantity 1 Quantity 2
  2. Quantity 1 Quantity 2 
  3. Quantity 1 Quantity 2 
  4. Quantity 1 Quantity 2 
  5. Either both the quantities are equal, or there is no relationship

Solutions: From statements for Q1 and statements for Q2-
From table above, 
Quantity 1 = [400/ (400+100)] * 100 = 80% 
Quantity 2 = [500/ (500+500)] * 100 = 50% 
Quantity 1 > Quantity 2

Attempt important quizzes from the link given below – 

Quantitative Aptitude Quiz

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