What is the latest amendment in Indian Constitution?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : July 4th, 2022

The latest amendment in Indian Constitution is the One Hundred and Fifth Amendment, 2021. It was introduced by Dr Virendra Kumar (Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment) on the 9th of August 2021. The Bill amends the Constitution to allow states and union territories to prepare their own list of socially and educationally backward classes. 

The 105th Amendment has been enacted to bring amends in clauses 1 and 2, a part of Article 342A. It shall also bring about another clause, clause 3. This bill also brings changes to Article 338B (9) and 366 (26C).

Latest Constitutional Amendment to the Indian Constitution?

This bill was launched in the Lok Sabha with the objective to redefine the powers of State Governments when it comes to the identification of the educationally and socially backward section as Other Backward Classes (OBCs). 

  • It aims to amend article 342A’s clauses 1 and 2 along with the introduction of clause 3. The 105th amendment bill of the Indian constitution also sought to bring changes to Articles 338 (9) and 366 (26C). 
  • The bill clarifies that the states can keep up the OBC categories under the ‘state lists’. 
  • The 102nd amendment is only linked to this on the aspect of redefinition of lists. The 102nd amendment defined the ambits of the Central List and how it was to be only altered and maintained by the Central Government. It had no hand in defining the roles of the State Governments in the declaration of a community as a backward one. 
  • The 105th constitutional amendment resolves that ambiguity. 

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FAQs about What is the latest amendment in Indian Constitution?

  • The 105th constitutional amendment is related to the State lists. It gives the state governments the right to define the communities that fall in the category of socially and educationally backwards and hence, can be identified as OBCs.

  • It came into effect in August of 2021. 

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