How many Amendments are there in the Constitution till now?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

There are 105 Amendments in the Indian Constitution till now. The 105th Constitutional Amendment Act amended Article 342A to empower the President to specify socially and educationally backward classes in the Central List for the purposes of the Central Government.

Amendments to the Indian Constitution

The 105th Constitutional Amendment Act is the latest amendment to the Constitution to date. The 105th Constitutional Amendment Act restored the power of state governments to prepare lists of socially and educationally backward classes (SEBCs). The Constitution has empowered the Union and the States to identify socially and educationally backward classes.

Download All Amendments in Indian Constitution PDF

However, when the 102nd Constitutional Amendment Act giving constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was passed, the Supreme Court interpreted that the 102nd Amendment took away the right of states to recognize SEBCs. To restore this power, the 105 Constitutional Amendment Act was passed.

Total Amendments in Indian Constitution 2022

We have provided a list of total amendments in the Indian Constitution as of 2022 in a tabulated form below:

List of Amendments of the Indian Constitution
Amendments No. Amendments to the Constitution of India
1st 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372, and 376
Inserted articles 31A and 31B
Inserted schedule 9
2nd Amended Article 81(1)(b)
3rd Amended schedule 7
4th Amended articles 31, 31A, and 305
Amended schedule
5th Amended article 3
6th Amended articles 269 and 286
Amended schedule 7
7th Amended articles 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231, and 232
Inserted articles 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A
Amended part 8
Amended schedules 1, 2, 4, and 7
8th Amended article 334
9th Amended schedule 1
10th Amended article 240
Amended schedule 1
11th Amended articles 66 and 71
12th Amended article 240
Amended schedule 1
13th Amended article 170
Inserted new article 371A
14th Amended articles 81 and 240
Inserted article 239A
Amended schedules 1 and 4
15th Amended articles 124, 128, 217, 222, 224, 226, 297, 311 and 316
Inserted article 224A
Amended schedule 7
16th Amended articles 19, 84 and 173
Amended schedule 3
17th Amended article 31A
Amended schedule 9
18th Amended article 3
19th Amended article 324
20th Inserted article 233A
21st Amended schedule 8
22nd Amended article 275
Inserted articles 244A and 371B
23rd Amended articles 330, 332, 333 and 334
24th Amended articles 13 and 368
25th Amended article 31
Inserted article 31C
26th Amended article 366
Inserted article 363A
Removed articles 291 and 362
27th Amended articles 239A and 240
Inserted articles 239B and 371C
28th Inserted article 312A
Removed article 314
29th Amended schedule 9
30th Amended article 133
31st Amended articles 81, 330 and 332
32nd Amended article 371
Inserted articles 371D and 371E
Amended schedule 7
33rd Amended articles 101 and 190
34th Amended schedule 9
35th Amended articles 80 and 81
Inserted article 2A
Inserted schedule 10
36th Amended articles 80 and 81
Inserted article 371F
Removed article 2A
Amended schedules 1 and 4
Removed schedule 10
37th Amended articles 239A and 240
38th Amended articles 123, 213, 239B, 352, 356, 359 and 360
39th Amended articles 71 and 329
Inserted article 329A
Amended schedule 9
40th Amended article 297
Amended schedule 9
41st Amended article 316
42nd Amended articles 31, 31C, 39, 55, 74, 77, 81, 82, 83, 100, 102, 103, 105, 118, 145, 150, 166, 170, 172, 189, 191, 192, 194, 208, 217, 225, 226, 227, 228, 311, 312, 330, 352, 353, 356, 357, 358, 359, 366, 368 and 371F
Inserted articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A, 228A and 257A
Inserted parts 4A and 14A
Amended schedule 7
43rd Amended articles 145, 226, 228 and 366
Removed articles 31D, 32A, 131A, 144A, 226A and 228A
44th Amended articles 19, 22, 30, 31A, 31C, 38, 71, 74, 77, 83, 103, 105, 123, 132, 133, 134, 139A, 150, 166, 172, 192, 194, 213, 217, 225, 226, 227, 239B, 329, 352, 356, 358, 359, 360 and 371F.
Inserted articles 134A and 361A
Removed articles 31, 257A and 329A
Amended part 12
Amended schedule 9
45th Amended article 334
46th Amended articles 269, 286 and 366
Amended schedule 7
47th Amended schedule 9
48th Amended article 356
49th Amended article 244.
Amended schedules 5 and 6
50th Amended article 33
51st Amended articles 330 and 332
52nd Amended articles 101, 102, 190 and 191
Inserted schedule 10
53rd Inserted article 371G
54th Amended articles 125 and 221.
Amended schedule 2
55th Inserted article 371H
56th Inserted article 371I
57th Amended article 332
58th Inserted article 394A.
Amended part 22
59th Amended article 356
Inserted article 359A
60th Amended article 276
61st Amended article 326
62nd Amended article 334
63rd Amended article 356
Removed article 359A
64th Amended article 356
65th Amended article 338
66th Amended schedule 9
67th Amended article 356
68th Amended article 356
69th Inserted articles 239AA, and 239AB
70th Amended articles 54 and 239AA
71st Amended schedule 8
72nd Amended article 332
73rd Inserted part 9. Inserted schedule 11
74th Inserted part 9A, inserted schedule 12; Amended article 280
75th Amended article 323B
76th Amended schedule 9
77th Amended article 16
78th Amended schedule 9
79th Amended article 334
80th Amended articles 269 and 270.
Removed article 272
81st Amended article 16
82nd Amended article 335
83rd Amended article 243M
84th Amended articles 55, 81, 82, 170, 330 and 332
85th Amended article 16
86th Amended articles 45 and 51A.
Inserted article 21A
87th Amended articles 81, 82, 170 and 330
88th Amended article 270.
Inserted article 268A.
Amended schedule 7
89th Amended article 338.
Inserted article 338A
90th Amended article 332
91st Amended articles 75 and 164.
Inserted article 361B.
Amended schedule 10
92nd Amended schedule 8
93rd Amended article 15
94th Amended article 164
95th Amended article 334
96th Amended schedule 8
97th Amended Article 19 and added Article 43B and Part IXB
98th To insert Article 371J in the Constitution
99th Insertion of new articles 124A, 124B, and 124C. Amendments to Articles 127, 128, 217, 222, 224A, 231
100th Amendment of First Schedule to the Constitution
101st Addition of articles 246A, 269A, 279A. Deletion of Article 268A.
Amendment of articles 248, 249, 250, 268, 269, 270, 271, 286, 366, 368, Sixth Schedule, Seventh Schedule
102nd Addition of articles 338B, 342A, and Added Clause 26C.
Modification of articles 338, 366
103rd Amendment to Article 15, added Clause [6],
Amendment to Article 16, added Clause [6]
104th Amended article 334
105th Amended Articles 338B, 342A and 366

List of Important Amendments till Now in the Indian Constitution

The Indian constitution is a blend of rigidity and flexibility. Article 368 in Part XX of the constitution provides the amending powers to the parliament. As of October 2021, there are 105 Constitutional Amendments in the Indian Constitution. The list of important amendments are:

First Amendment Act, 1951

  • The First Amendment to the Indian Constitution empowered the state to make the advancement of socially and economically backward classes. It added the 9th Schedule to protect the land reform and other laws included in it from judicial review.
  • The Amendment also added three more restrictions on freedom of speech and expression, viz., public order, friendly relations with foreign states, and incitement to an offense. However, it also made the restrictions’ reasonable’ and thus, justifiable in nature.

Constitutional (8th Amendment) Act, 1960

  • It extended the reservation period for seats for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies until 1970.
  • It Amended article 334 of the Constitution.

Constitutional (10th Amendment) Act, 1961

  • Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli as a Union Territory in India from the Portuguese.
  • It amended article 240 of the Constitution.

Constitutional (13th Amendment) Act, 1963

  • It allowed the formation of the State of Nagaland, with special protection under Article 371A.
  • It amended article 170.

The Constitution (24th Amendment) Act, 1971

  • Affirmed the power of Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights.
  • Made it compulsory for the President to give his consent to a Constitutional Amendment Bill.

The Constitution (31st Amendment) Act, 1973

  • Increased the elective strength of the Lok Sabha from 525 to 545.

The Constitution (36th Amendment) Act, 1975

  • Added Sikkim as the 22nd State of the Indian Union.

The Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976

  • It was this Amendment that led to the emergency period in Indian history. The Amendment was passed by Parliament on 11th November 1976 and received Presidential assent on 18th December 1976.
  • The Amendment established beyond doubt the supremacy of Parliament over the other wings of Government; gave the Directive Principles precedence over the Fundamental Rights; enumerated a set of ten Fundamental Duties for the first time.
  • Imposed restrictions on the power and jurisdiction of the judiciary; raised the term of the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha from five to six years; authorized the use of Central armed forces in any State to deal with law and order problems.
  • The Act also clearly laid down that no Constitutional Amendment could be questioned in any court of law.

The Constitution (43rd Amendment) Act, 1978

  • This Act repealed the obnoxious provisions of the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act passed during the Emergency. It deleted Article 3ID, which gave powers to Parliament to curtail even legitimate trade union activity under the guise of legislation to prevent anti-national activities.
  • The new law, ratified by more than half of the States under the Constitution, also restores legislative powers to the States to make appropriate provisions for anti-national activities consistent with Fundamental Rights. In addition, under the Act, the judiciary has also been restored to its rightful place.
  • The Supreme Court will now have the power to invalidate state laws, a power taken away by the 42nd Amendment Act. The High Courts will also be able to answer the constitutional validity of Central laws, thereby enabling persons living in distant places to obtain speedy justice without having to come to the Supreme Court.

The Constitution (46th Amendment) Bill, 1982

  • It authorized the Government to prepare an authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi.

The Constitution (55th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Granted statehood to Arunachal Pradesh which became the 24th State of the Indian Union.
  • Granted special Status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

The Constitution (56th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Conferred Statehood to Goa and formed a new Union Territory of Daman and Diu. Goa thus became the 25th State of the Indian Republic.

The Constitution (57th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Made a special provision for setting up the new State of Goa. Consequently, Daman and Diu were separated from the former to form a Union Territory.

The Constitution (58th Amendment) Act, 1988

  • Provided special arrangements concerning the reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya.

The Constitution (59th Amendment) Act, 1988

  • Empowered the Central Government to impose an Emergency in Punjab. Under the Amendment, the President’s rule can be extended up to three years. The earlier maximum period was two years.

The Constitution (61st Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.

The Constitution (62nd Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Provided for the extension by another ten years of reservation of seats in the Parliament and State Assemblies for the Scheduled Castes and Tribes and reservation for the Anglo-Indian community by nomination.

The Constitution (63rd Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Repealed Amendment 59, which empowered the Government to impose an emergency in Punjab.

The Constitution (64th Amendment) Act, 1990

  • Extended the President’s rule in Punjab by six months.

The Constitution (66th Amendment) Act, 1990

  • Brought land reforms within the purview of the 9th Schedule of the Constitution.

The Constitution (69th Amendment) Act, 1991

  • Delhi made National Capital Region. The Act also made provisions for a Legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi.

The Constitution (71st Amendment) Act, 1992

The Constitution (86th Amendment) Act, 2002

  • Provides the Right to Education until the age of fourteen and early childhood care until the age of six.

The Constitution (92nd Amendment) Act, 2004

  • Included Bodo, Dogri, Santali, and Maithali as official languages.

The Constitution (93rd Amendment) Act, 2006

  • Provided 27 percent reservation for other backward classes in Government and private higher educational institutions.

The Constitution (104th Amendment) Act,2020

  • The Amendment increased the deadline for reservation of SC and ST seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies until 2030.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium