Explain the Power and Functions of the Supreme Court

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Power and Functions of the Supreme Court: The Supreme Court has the power to take a final decision in all legal matters. Its power and function can be imagined to know that it is the highest court in India, as authorized by the Indian Constitution. The Supreme Court of India has supreme authority over all judicial courts in India. It has many functions and powers to protect Indian citizens’ interests.

Power of the Supreme Court

Since it is the highest court in India, the Supreme Court has the authority to overrule the lower court’s judgments. Also, it has the power to do self-cognizance on any matter and ask for a report on it by a related person or authority.

  • It has the authority to exercise original, appellate, and advisory jurisdictions.
  • It has judicial review authority.
  • It hears appeals from various Indian High Court verdicts.
  • It adjudicates disputes between government authorities, such as the federal government versus state governments or state governments versus other state governments.
  • Suo moto cases can be heard by the Supreme Court.

Functions of the Supreme Court

On 28 January 1950, the Supreme Court of India was established, replacing both the Federal Court of India and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which were the two apexes of the Indian court at the time.

  • As the highest court in India, any verdict issued by the Supreme Court is binding on all other courts and governments (union or state).
  • The President of India is in charge of carrying out Supreme Court orders.
  • Once the regional and high courts have rendered their decisions on a particular issue, the person may file a petition with the Supreme Court of India.

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