What is the 1st Amendment of the Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The First Amendment of the Indian Constitution offered ways to throttle freedom of speech and expression and supported laws that outlawed zamindari. It was officially named the Constitution Act. Jawaharlal Nehru, who was the then Prime Minister of India, made the resolution on 10 May 1951 and the Parliament passed it on 18 June 1951.

First Amendment of the Indian Constitution

It introduced several amendments to the fundamental rights clauses of the Indian Constitution. It gave ways to limit freedom of speech and expression, supported measures to abolish zamindari, and clarified that the right to equality does not preclude the passing of laws that protect weaker sections of society especially “Attention”.

In the First Amendment to the Indian Constitution, Article 19(1)(a) of the Indian Constitution against “abuse of freedom of speech and expression” was imposed by the Jawaharlal Nehru Administration in 1951.

Further, Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution of India grants freedom to citizens of India to engage in any profession or to carry on any profession, trade or occupation, subject to any reasonable limitation which state laws may apply “in the interest of the general public”.

Facts About 1st Amendment

In addition, a new Article 31B was added with the retrospective application for ratification of the 13 zamindari abolition laws. At the same time, the state should promote with special attention the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the population and protect them from social injustice, as stated in Article 46 of the “Directive Principles of State Policy“.

  • A restriction was added to Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India in 1951 by the Administration to prevent the “abuse of freedom of Article 15(3)”, so as to suitably extend so that the State may provide for the social make any special provision.
  • The economic or educational advancement of any backward class of people cannot be challenged on the basis of discrimination.

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