What is a Landslide? What Causes Landslide?

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

A landslide is the movement of a large amount of debris, rock, or earth down a slope in certain land areas. Landslides are caused by heavy rains, volcanoes, earthquakes, and other similar factors that make the slope unstable. It is a common phenomenon in most hilly areas, especially during the monsoon season.

Table of content

  • 1. Landslide and its Causes (more)

Landslide and its Causes

The downward movement of rock, debris or earth due to various natural causes is known as landslides.

  • Landslides are accompanied by natural phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and heavy rainfall.
  • The causes of landslides can be broadly classified into three categories, i.e. geology, morphology, and human activity which contributes majorly.
  • Landslides are a common occurrence in Indian mountainous regions where heavy rainfall affects the earth’s surface to a great extent.
  • They destabilize the slopes and result in landslides.
  • Landslides are known among scientists as ‘mass vesting’ and are described as being locked in a downward motion of the Earth’s surface.
  • Landslides are several forms of large-scale wasting that can involve a wide range of ground movements.
  • It occurs in different environments, indicated by steep or gentle slope gradients from mountain ranges to coastal cliffs or underwater.

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