Study Notes on UGC NET Geography Exam 2020: Steppe Climatic Type

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 14th, 2023

UGC NET Geography Exam 2020 is the most important exam for aspirant preparing for Research and position of Assistant Professor. Today, we will cover 'Climate and its classification'.

'Climate and its classification' is an important topic of Climatology which needs to be done for UGC NET examinations.  In this article, we will extensively discuss Steppe Climate type which is also known as Temperate Continental Climate.

Steppe Climatic Type: Temperate Continental Climate for UGC NET Exam 2020

Climate (Temperature & Precipitation)

  • Climate is continental with extremes of temperature.
  • Summers are very warm in North America.
  • Winters are very cold in the continental steppes of Eurasia.
  • In Southern hemisphere, steppe type of climate is never severe because of moderating effects of oceans.
  • Great annual range of temperature.
  • There is a tremendous difference between the annual temperature range of northern and southern hemisphere because of continentality.
  • Annual precipitation is light about 20 inches, varies from 10 to 30 inches according to location.
  • June and July are months of heaviest rainfall.
  • Occasional depressions of Westerlies bring little precipitation and in the form of snow, in Winters.
  • In Southern hemisphere, annual precipitation is more because of maritime influence.

Study Notes on UGC NET Geography Exam 2020: Steppe Climatic Type


  • They lie in interiors of continents, bordering deserts and away from the Mediterranean region.
  • Placed under the Westerly wind belt.
  • In the northern hemisphere, grasslands are entirely continental and extensive.
  • In Eurasia, they are called Steppes stretched from shores of Black sea eastwards to foothills of Altai Mountains.
  • Grasslands are known by different names as given below:



Hungary and plains of Manchuria


North America


Argentina and Uruguay


Northern South Africa

Bush-Veld (more tropical)

Southern South Africa

High Veld (more Temperate)

Murray-Darling basin of Australia


New Zealand


Vegetation & Wildlife

  • Steppes are practically treeless and grasses are much shorter.
  • Long Prairie grass is tall, fresh and nutritious. They are found in regions like Russian Ukraine and some areas of Asiatic Steppes.
  • Short Steppe type of grass prevails in continental interiors of Asia.
  • Temperate grasslands vary in their appearance with seasons.
  • Towards equator, steppe grass becomes shorter and sparser, till it merges into the desert with thorny scrub.
  • With an increase in precipitation polewards, it gives rise to wooded steppes.

Major Tribes

  • Kirghiz, Kazakhs, Kalmuk in Asiatic Steppes, Red Indians in North America.


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