How many Amendments in Indian Constitution?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : July 22nd, 2022

There are 105 Amendments in the Indian Constitution till now (As of October, 2021). The 105 Constitutional Amendment Act amends Article 342A to state the power of the President to specify the socially and educationally backward classes in the Central List for the purposes of the Central Government.

How Many Amendments are in Indian Constitution

The 105 Constitutional Amendment Act is the Latest Amendment to the Constitution till now. The 105 Constitutional Amendment Act restored State governments’ power to prepare the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) list. 

The Constitution has given the Union and States the authority to mark the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes. However, when the 102 Constitutional Amendment Act giving constitutional status to the National Commission for the Backward Class (NCBC) was passed, it was interpreted by the Supreme Court that the 102nd Amendment had taken away the States’ right to identify the SEBCs. To restore this power, the 105 Constitutional Amendment Act was passed.

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List of Amendments of the Indian Constitution

Amendments No.

Amendments to the Constitution of India


15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376.

Inserted articles 31A and 31B.

Inserted schedule 9.


Amended article 81(1)(b).


Amended schedule 7.


Amended articles 31, 31A, and 305.

Amended schedule 9


Amended article 3


Amended articles 269 and 286.

Amended schedule 7.


Amended articles 1, 3, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.

Inserted articles 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.

Amended part 8.

Amended schedules 1, 2, 4 and 7.


Amended article 334.


Amended schedule 1.


Amended article 240.

Amended schedule 1.


Amended articles 66 and 71.


Amended article 240.

Amended schedule 1.


Amended article 170.

Inserted new article 371A.


Amended articles 81 and 240.

Inserted article 239A.

Amended schedules 1 and 4.


Amended articles 124, 128, 217, 222, 224, 226, 297, 311 and 316.

Inserted article 224A.

Amended schedule 7.


Amended articles 19, 84 and 173.

Amended schedule 3.


Amended article 31A.

Amended schedule 9


Amended article 3


Amended article 324


Inserted article 233A


Amended schedule 8


Amended article 275

Inserted articles 244A and 371B


Amended articles 330, 332, 333 and 334


Amended articles 13 and 368


Amended article 31.

Inserted article 31C


Amended article 366.

Inserted article 363A.

Removed articles 291 and 362


Amended articles 239A and 240.

Inserted articles 239B and 371C


Inserted article 312A.

Removed article 314


Amended schedule 9


Amended article 133


Amended articles 81, 330 and 332


Amended article 371.

Inserted articles 371D and 371E.

Amended schedule 7


Amended articles 101 and 190


Amended schedule 9


Amended articles 80 and 81.

Inserted article 2A.

Inserted schedule 10


Amended articles 80 and 81.

Inserted article 371F.

Removed article 2A.

Amended schedules 1 and 4.

Removed schedule 10


Amended articles 239A and 240


Amended articles 123, 213, 239B, 352, 356, 359 and 360


Amended articles 71 and 329.

Inserted article 329A.

Amended schedule 9


Amended article 297.

Amended schedule 9


Amended article 316


Amended articles 31, 31C, 39, 55, 74, 77, 81, 82, 83, 100, 102, 103, 105, 118, 145, 150, 166, 170, 172, 189, 191, 192, 194, 208, 217, 225, 226, 227, 228, 311, 312, 330, 352, 353, 356, 357, 358, 359, 366, 368 and 371F.

Inserted articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A, 228A and 257A.

Inserted parts 4A and 14A.

Amended schedule 7


Amended articles 145, 226, 228 and 366.

Removed articles 31D, 32A, 131A, 144A, 226A and 228A


Amended articles 19, 22, 30, 31A, 31C, 38, 71, 74, 77, 83, 103, 105, 123, 132, 133, 134, 139A, 150, 166, 172, 192, 194, 213, 217, 225, 226, 227, 239B, 329, 352, 356, 358, 359, 360 and 371F.

Inserted articles 134A and 361A.

Removed articles 31, 257A and 329A.

Amended part 12.

Amended schedule 9


Amended article 334


Amended articles 269, 286 and 366.

Amended schedule 7


Amended schedule 9


Amended article 356


Amended article 244.

Amended schedules 5 and 6


Amended article 33


Amended articles 330 and 332


Amended articles 101, 102, 190 and 191.

Inserted schedule 10


Inserted article 371G


Amended articles 125 and 221.

Amended schedule 2


Inserted article 371H


Inserted article 371I


Amended article 332


Inserted article 394A.

Amended part 22


Amended article 356.

Inserted article 359A


Amended article 276


Amended article 326


Amended article 334


Amended article 356.

Removed article 359A


Amended article 356


Amended article 338


Amended schedule 9


Amended article 356


Amended article 356


Inserted articles 239AA, and 239AB


Amended articles 54 and 239AA


Amended schedule 8


Amended article 332


Inserted part 9. Inserted schedule 11


Inserted part 9A, inserted schedule 12; Amended article 280


Amended article 323B


Amended schedule 9


Amended article 16


Amended schedule 9


Amended article 334


Amended articles 269 and 270.

Removed article 272


Amended article 16


Amended article 335


Amended article 243M


Amended articles 55, 81, 82, 170, 330 and 332


Amended article 16


Amended articles 45 and 51A.

Inserted article 21A


Amended articles 81, 82, 170 and 330


Amended article 270.

Inserted article 268A.

Amended schedule 7


Amended article 338.

Inserted article 338A


Amended article 332


Amended articles 75 and 164.

Inserted article 361B.

Amended schedule 10


Amended schedule 8


Amended article 15


Amended article 164


Amended article 334


Amended schedule 8


Amended Article 19 and added Article 43B and Part IXB


To insert Article 371J in the Constitution


Insertion of new articles 124A, 124B and 124C. Amendments to Articles 127, 128, 217, 222, 224A, 231


Amendment of First Schedule to Constitution


Addition of articles 246A, 269A, 279A. Deletion of Article 268A.

Amendment of articles 248, 249, 250, 268, 269, 270, 271, 286, 366, 368, Sixth Schedule, Seventh Schedule


Addition of articles 338B, 342A, and Added Clause 26C.

Modification of articles 338, 366


Amendment to Article 15, added Clause [6],

Amendment to Article 16, added Clause [6]


Amended article 334


Amended Article 338B, 342A and 366

List of Important Amendments till Now in the Indian Constitution

The Indian constitution is a blend of rigidity and flexibility. Article 368 in Part XX of the constitution provides the amending powers to the parliament. As of October 2021, there are 105 Constitutional Amendments in the Indian Constitution. The list of important amendments are:

First Amendment Act, 1951

  • The First Amendment to the Indian Constitution empowered the state to make the advancement of socially and economically backward classes. It added the 9th Schedule to protect the land reform and other laws included in it from the judicial review.
  • The Amendment also added three more restrictions on freedom of speech and expression, viz., public order, friendly relations with foreign states and incitement to an offence. However, it also made the restrictions' reasonable' and thus, justifiable in nature.

Constitutional (8th Amendment) Act, 1960

  • It extended the reservation period for seats for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies until 1970.
  • It Amended article 334 of the Constitution.

Constitutional (10th Amendment) Act, 1961

Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as a Union Territory in India from the Portuguese.

It amended article 240 of the Constitution.

Constitutional (13th Amendment) Act, 1963

  • It allowed the formation of the State of Nagaland, with special protection under Article 371A.
  • It amended article 170.

The Constitution (24th Amendment) Act, 1971

  • Affirmed the power of Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights.
  • Made it compulsory for the President to give his consent to a constitutional Amendment Bill.

The Constitution (31st Amendment) Act, 1973

  • Increased the elective strength of the Lok Sabha from 525 to 545.

The Constitution (36th Amendment) Act, 1975

  • Added Sikkim as the 22nd State of the Indian Union.

The Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976

  • It was this Amendment that led to the emergency period in Indian history. The Amendment was passed by Parliament on 11th November 1976 and received Presidential assent on 18th December 1976.
  • The Amendment established beyond doubt the supremacy of Parliament over the other wings of Government; gave the Directive Principles precedence over the Fundamental Rights; enumerated a set of ten Fundamental Duties for the first time.
  • Imposed restrictions on the power and jurisdiction of the judiciary; raised the term of the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha from five to six years; authorized the use of Central armed forces in any State to deal with law and order problems.
  • The Act also clearly laid down that no Constitutional Amendment could be questioned in any court of law.

The Constitution (43rd Amendment) Act, 1978

  • This Act repealed the obnoxious provisions of the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act passed during the Emergency. It deleted Article 3ID, which gave powers to Parliament to curtail even legitimate trade union activity under the guise of legislation to prevent anti-national activities.
  • The new law, ratified by more than half of the States under the Constitution, also restores legislative powers to the States to make appropriate provisions for anti-national activities consistent with Fundamental Rights. In addition, under the Act, the judiciary has also been restored to its rightful place.
  • The Supreme Court will now have the power to invalidate state laws, a power taken away by the 42nd Amendment Act. The High Courts will also be able to answer the constitutional validity of Central laws, thereby enabling persons living in distant places to obtain speedy justice without having to come to the Supreme Court.

The Constitution (46th Amendment) Bill, 1982

  • It authorized the Government to prepare an authoritative text of the Constitution in Hindi.

The Constitution (55th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Granted statehood to Arunachal Pradesh which became the 24th State of the Indian Union.
  • Granted special Status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

The Constitution (56th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Conferred Statehood to Goa and formed a new Union Territory of Daman and Diu. Goa thus became the 25th State of the Indian Republic.

The Constitution (57th Amendment) Act, 1987

  • Made a special provision for setting up the new State of Goa. Consequently, Daman and Diu were separated from the former to form a Union Territory.

The Constitution (58th Amendment) Act, 1988

  • Provided special arrangements concerning the reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya.

The Constitution (59th Amendment) Act, 1988

  • Empowered the Central Government to impose an Emergency in Punjab. Under the Amendment, the President's rule can be extended up to three years. The earlier maximum period was two years.

The Constitution (61st Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.

The Constitution (62nd Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Provided for the extension by another ten years of reservation of seats in the Parliament and State Assemblies for the Scheduled Castes and Tribes and reservation for the Anglo Indian community by nomination.

The Constitution (63rd Amendment) Act, 1989

  • Repealed Amendment 59, which empowered the Government to impose an emergency in Punjab.

The Constitution (64th Amendment) Act, 1990

  • Extended the President's rule in Punjab by six months.

The Constitution (66th Amendment) Act, 1990

  • Brought land reforms within the purview of the 9th Schedule of the Constitution.

The Constitution (69th Amendment) Act, 1991

  • Delhi made National Capital Region. The Act also made provisions for a Legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi.

The Constitution (71st Amendment) Act, 1992

  • The Act amends the 8th Schedule to the Constitution to include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali languages.

The Constitution (86th Amendment) Act, 2002

  • Provides the Right to Education until the age of fourteen and early childhood care until the age of six.

The Constitution (92nd Amendment) Act, 2004

  • Included Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Maithali as official languages.

The Constitution (93rd Amendment) Act, 2006

  • Provided 27 per cent reservation for other backward classes in Government and private higher educational institutions.

The Constitution (104th Amendment) Act,2020

  • The Amendment increased the deadline for reservation of SC and ST seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies until 2030.

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How Many Amendments are There in the Constitution Till Now FAQs

  • As of October 2021, there have been 105 Amendments to the Constitution of India. The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021 is designed to clarify that the states can maintain the “state list” of OBCs.

  • The Constitution has been amended 105 times till October 2021. The latest amendment to the Indian Constitution is the 105th Constitutional Amendment Act.

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