What is the Full Form of ROM? Advantages, Types, Disadvantages

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The ROM full form is Read-Only Memory. Read-Only Memory is a type of storage media that can only be read on computers and other electronic devices. Data can only be entered once in ROM and cannot be changed afterward. Furthermore, ROM is a non-volatile form of memory, data stored in it is kept even if power is lost. Read-only memory, commonly known as firmware, helps store software/data that is seldom modified during the life of the device.

The Read-Only Memory (ROM full form), often known as firmware, is a storage medium for software frequently changed throughout a system’s lifespan. Because ROM is less expensive to manufacture than other non-transient storage formats, it has seen broad use. This article will discuss the ROM full form.

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What is the Full Form of ROM?

The ROM full form is read-only memory. ROM is designed for long-term storage and does not require a continual power source to save the data it contains. In ROM, the recorded data is physically encoded by integrated circuits. This prevents the data from being overwritten, and so ensures the data’s integrity.

The ROM full form is read-only memory, it cannot be modified; it is also permanent and non-volatile, which means it retains its memories even when the power is turned off.

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ROM Full Form in Hindi

रीड-ओनली मेमोरी (ROM full form) सिस्टम और अन्य इलेक्ट्रॉनिक उपकरणों में उपयोग किया जाने वाला एक अलग प्रकार का स्टोरेज मीडिया है जो केवल-पढ़ने के लिए है। जब ROM की बात आती है, तो डेटा दर्ज करने के बाद उसे बदला नहीं जा सकता है।

एक ठेठ कंप्यूटर प्रणाली ROM (पढ़ें केवल मेमोरी) है मदरबोर्ड पर स्थित. इस गाइड आपको बताता है कि क्या करना है जब आपके कंप्यूटर पर बदल दिया है. फर्मवेयर आमतौर पर जाना जाता है के रूप में सॉफ्टवेयर पर चलता है कि एक कंप्यूटर है. फर्मवेयर बुनियादी कोड चला है कि कंप्यूटर पर ।

Types of ROM

Read-only memory (ROM full form) is a kind of electronic chip that comes inbuilt into an electronic device. Further, ROM is divided into five types mentioned below.

  • MROM stands for Mask read-only memory.
  • PROM stands for Programmable read-only memory
  • EPROM stands for Erasable Programmable read-only memory.
  • EEPROM stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable read-only memory.
  • Flash Memory is a memory that can be erased.

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ROM Full Form: Advantages

As per the ROM full form, read-only memory is a non-volatile memory. It is more user-friendly compared to other types of memories. Let us check the advantages of ROM discussed below.

  • Secure data storage is provided via ROM.
  • When compared to RAM, ROM has a larger capacity.
  • The ROM’s function may be simply changed.
  • The operating system is loaded into ROM when the machine is turned on.
  • A compact long-life battery powers the ROM.
  • They don’t need to be refreshed because they’re static.
  • ROM is less expensive than RAM.
  • The data is permanently stored in the ROM.
  • The ROM circuits are basic.
  • RAM is less dependable than ROM.

ROM Full Form: Disadvantages

Apart from various advantages, ROM has many disadvantages, such as ROM is a type of memory that is slower and capable of reading data only; it cannot be modified the ROM data. The disadvantages of ROM are discussed below.

  • You can’t change, erase, or wipe the data in the ROM after it’s been saved there.
  • Unlike RAM, mistakenly removing the contents of the ROM would result in the memory being bricked.
  • Some forms of ROM memory, for example, only enable the user to overwrite the contents.

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