CDS Polity Syllabus – Important Topics, Books, Preparation Tips

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

CDS Polity Syllabus is a crucial sub-set of the General Knowledge section in the exam. The Polity section usually accounts for 20-22 questions in the exam and hence it is crucial that you prepare the CDS Polity syllabus thoroughly. Here in this article, we have provided the detailed Polity syllabus for CDS including important topics, books, preparation tips, etc.

CDS Polity Syllabus

To pass the CDS Exam in one sitting, it’s crucial to focus on the key topics when studying CDS Polity Syllabus. Here is a list of the CDS Polity important topics that experts believe should be discussed.

CDS Polity Syllabus



Indian Constitution

It consists of subtopics like the Constituent Assembly of India, Parliamentary System in India, Citizenship, and Scheduled and Tribal Areas in India, etc.

Fundamental Rights & Fundamental Duties

It covers the basic fundamental rights and fundamental duties of the citizens of India.

Parliament & Indian Judiciary

It covers subtopics like Parliamentary Committees, Anti-Defection Law, Supreme Court of India, High Courts in India, Subordinate Courts in India, and Central Administrative Tribunal.

Union & State Executive

It is all about Cabinet Committees, Union-State Relations/Centre-State Relations, and Governor in the Indian Constitution.

Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies

It includes topics like the Election Commission of India and NITI Aayog, etc.

With the help of this article, we shall explore how to prepare the Polity syllabus for CDS in an efficient manner. What will you get from the article:

  • Importance of the CDS Polity section in the exam.
  • Analysis of previous year’s questions.
  • Available books and study materials.
  • Strategies and tips to prepare the CDS Polity section.

Importance of Polity Syllabus for CDS

The questions from the CDS Polity syllabus will have a huge impact on one’s success in the exam.

  • The number of questions from the CDS Polity section ranges from 20-22.
  • The questions are pretty straightforward and usually picked up from the standard textbooks.
  • Practicing a few mock tests will enable one to sail through the CDS Polity syllabus easily.
  • Polity-based questions are also asked in other competitive exams such as the Civil Services Exam and the SSC Exam.
    Hence a strong foundation in the CDS Polity syllabus will help the aspirant to attempt other exams also.

CDS Polity Questions Analysis

We shall now see the distribution of CDS Polity questions. We can divide Indian Polity into various sub-topics such as Preamble, Fundamental rights and duties, DPSP, Centre-State relations, the Parliament and the State legislature, Panchayati Raj, various schedules, Constitutional, Statutory and Regulatory bodies, and Miscellaneous topics. This division broadly reflects the division in the book: Indian Polity by Laxmikant.

For example:

Which of the following is not related to the powers of the Governor?

  1. Diplomatic and military powers
  2. Power to appoint Advocate General
  3. Summoning, proroguing, and dissolving State Legislature
  4. Power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites, or remission of punishments

The above question has been picked up from the chapter about Governor and the answer is option (A). Only the President has diplomatic and military powers and not the governor.

Likewise, the question given below was directly picked up from the chapter about Supreme Court:

Which of the following is not required to be qualified for appointment as judge of the Supreme Court?

  1. At least five years as a judge of a High Court
  2. At least ten years as an Advocate of a High Court
  3. In the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist
  4. At least twenty years as a Sub-Judicial Magistrate

The answer is (D). Under Article 124 of the Constitution, a Sub-judicial magistrate cannot be appointed as the judge of the Supreme Court.

This analysis can be done for many such questions. Hence the bottom line of the analysis is that questions are direct, factual, and easily understandable. The sources of the questions are from reliable and standard textbooks which are widely available online and in most bookstores. Sound knowledge of Indian Polity will help in cracking every question right.

Books to Prepare Polity Syllabus for CDS

One may refer to the under-mentioned books in order to prepare the CDS Polity syllabus properly:

  • Democratic Politics – Class IX and Class X NCERTs
  • India Constitution at Work – Class XI NCERT
  • Political Theory – NCERT
  • Indian Polity by Laxmikant
  • The Constitution of India – Bare Text

How to Prepare the CDS Polity Syllabus?

The following preparation advice will help you finish the CDS Polity syllabus on time:

  • Start with the NCERTs. NCERT books explain concepts in a simple and lucid manner. They also give a broad understanding of the subject. Once a chapter is read, then solve the multiple-choice and descriptive-type questions given at the end of the chapter to understand the subject holistically.
  • Once the NCERTs are completed, Indian Polity by Laxmikant should be taken up for reading. This book must be read properly to understand the concepts of the CDS Polity syllabus thoroughly.
  • Just go through a chapter in the first reading. It is much like reading a fiction novel. Specificities should be ignored at this stage. A general idea about the subtopic, for instance, Union Judiciary, must be understood.
  • After the first reading solves multiple-choice questions based on that chapter. This will give you an idea of where to concentrate more and where to concentrate less.
  • Frequent revision is necessary while studying the Polity section. One must jot down the important points of the chapter for easy revision.
  • The bare text of the Constitution can be read after fully understanding the chapter. Legal language can be hard for first-timers. Hence reading the bare constitution is only optional.
  • To have a better understanding of the subject, one may also watch the Samvidaan series. It is available on YouTube. This series gives an idea of the evolution of the Constitution.

Tips and Strategy for CDS Polity Section

The scope of Current Affairs-based questions is large in the CDS Polity section. Hence reading the Hindu or Indian Express daily along with reading Current Affairs magazines will give a good understanding of the subject. Since the CDS Polity syllabus is very factual, revising the subject is the key to success.

  • Previous year UPSC CSE, CAPF (AC), and questions from the CDS Polity syllabus will give an idea of how the questions are framed, the level of understanding, etc. Hence aspirants need to solve the previous year’s questions a number of times to familiarize themselves with the type of questions being asked in the exam.
  • Candidates must remember that there is a negative marking associated with the exam. Hence accuracy in marking right answers and eliminating wrong ones will come only with adequate practice. To practice the CDS Polity syllabus, sectional tests should be practiced. The explanations must be read thoroughly after the test and the topics should be read once again.

The above tips and strategies, if followed properly, will help aspirants to read and understand the CDS Polity syllabus in a better manner.

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