Constitutional Bodies

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 2, 2022, 10:07

Constitutional Bodies in India derive their authorities and controls from the Constitution of India. All these powers of Constitutional Bodies are specified in the Indian Constitution. Furthermore, since they get their authority from the Indian Constitution and any difference in the mechanism of the Constitutional Bodies would need a formal constitutional amendment. This article will discuss the List of Constitutional Bodies in India and their powers that will help you prepare better for your upcoming IAS examination.

List of Constitutional Bodies in India

Here is a tabular representation of different Constitutional Bodies in India.

Election Commission of India

Election Commission of India

Article

324

Composition

Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and other Election Commission Officers

Tenure and removal

The tenure for election commissioner of India is presently six years or 65 years (whichever is earlier)

Further appointment

Yes, the election commissioner is eligible for further reappointment

Powers

The constitutional power of the election commission of India is to conduct fair and equitable elections in India

Political parties’ registration

Managing elections

Attorney General of India

Attorney General

Article in the Constitution

76

Tenure & Removal

Owns office during the pleasure of the Indian President

Further Appointment

Yes, Attorney General is eligible for further reappointment

Powers

Attorney General holds all the privileges of an MP (Member of Parliament)

Power to sit as an audience in all Indian courts

Can attend both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha but cannot vote

Finance Commission of India

Finance Commission of India

Article

280

Composition

The Finance Commission of India consist of one Chairman and four members

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

Decides the foundation for sharing the divisible states and centre taxes


Any issue in the interest of financial decisions can be referred to the President


Assesses the evolution in the Consolidated Fund of a state to secure the resources of the Panchayats and State Municipalities


Finance Commission holds the authority of a civil court

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Comptroller & Auditor General of India

Articles

148

Tenure & removal

Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG) hold the tenure of service for six years or 65 years (whichever earlier)

The removal procedure for the Comptroller & Auditor General of India is the same as for a judge of the Supreme Court.

Further appointment

There is no provision for further appointment

Powers

Audits finances concerned with the Consolidated Fund of India and states, Contingency Fund, and the Public Accounts Fund of the states and centre.


Advisory role concerning accounts to the nation’s President

National Commission for Scheduled Castes

National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Articles

338

Composition

The National Commission of Scheduled Castes composition consists of Chairman, Vice-chairman, and three other members.

Tenure & removal

Three years

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

National Commission for Scheduled Castes quasi-judicial body


Monitoring and documenting the execution of constitutional protections for Scheduled Castes


This commission holds all the powers of the civil court’s powers

 

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Union Public Service Commission

Union Public Service Commission

Articles

315 – 323

Composition

Union Public Service Commission comprise 9 to 11 members

Tenure & removal

The members of the Union Public Service Commission hold a tenure of 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier)

Further Appointment

UPSC Chairman is not reappointed for a second term. Other Union Public Service Commission members are eligible only for an appointment within UPSC and SPSC

Powers

Recruitment of public services of centrally administered territories, All India Services, Central services, advisory authorities

National Commission for Backward Classes

National Commission for Backward Classes

Articles

338-B

Composition

Chairman, Vice-chairman, three other members

Tenure & removal

The tenure for members of the National Commission for Backward Classes is three years.

Further appointment

Yes, the members are eligible for further reappointment

Powers

Evaluate complaints and welfare actions regarding socially and educationally backward classes

It has a civil court’s powers

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FAQs on Constitutional Bodies

Q.1 What do we mean by Constitutional Bodies?

Constitutional Bodies in India derive their authorities and controls from the Constitution of India. All these powers of Constitutional Bodies are specified in the Indian Constitution.

Q.2 What is the difference between constitutional and non-Constitutional Bodies?

While Constitutional Bodies have their power written in the constitution, non-Constitutional Bodies do not have their power specified in the constitution.

Q.3 What is the tenure of the Election Commissioner in India?

The tenure for election commissioner of India is presently six years or 65 years (whichever is earlier).

Q.4 How many Constitutional Bodies are there in India?

There are 20 Constitutional Bodies in India.