What are the 25 parts of the Indian Constitution?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : June 16th, 2022

The Indian Constitution is a document that contains the supreme law of the land in writing. The constitution groups the total articles into various sections. The original constitution consisted of 395 articles divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. Now, there are 25 parts of the Indian Constitution, divided into 395 articles and 12 schedules. 

The constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, with members such as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Rajendra Prasad, Jawahar Lal Nehru, and more. It was adopted officially on 26 January 1950. Find out more details about parts of the Indian constitution below:

25 Parts of the Indian Constitution

The constitution has different parts that divide its agenda into specific articles. The 25 parts of the Indian constitution are as follows:

Part

Subject

Articles

I

The Union and its Territories

1 - 4

II

Citizenship

5 - 11

III

Fundamental Rights

12 - 35

IV

Directive Principles of State Policy

36 - 51

IV A

Fundamental Duties 

51A

V

The Union

52 - 151

VI

The States

152 - 237

VII

The States in Part B of First Schedule

238 

VIII

The Union Territories

239 - 242

IX

The Panchayats

243 - 243O

IX A

The Municipalities

243P - 243ZG

IX B

The Co-operative Societies

243ZH - 243ZT

X

The Scheduled and Tribal Areas

244 - 244A

XI

Relation between the Union and the States

245 - 263

XII

Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits

264 - 300A

XIII

Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India

301 - 307

XIV

Services Under the Union and the States

308 - 323

XIV A

Tribunals

323A - 323B

XV

Elections

324 - 329A

XVI

Special provisions relating to certain classes

330 - 342

XVII

Official language

343 - 351

XVIII

Emergency Provisions

352 - 360

XIX

Miscellaneous

361 - 367

XX

Amendment of the Constitution

368

XXI

Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions

369 - 392

XXII

Short Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals

393 - 395

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FAQ's on What are the 25 parts of the Indian Constitution?

  • In total, there are 25 parts to the Indian Constitution. The original constitution contained 22 parts that were grouped into 395 articles. Now, there are 25 parts in total with the same number of articles. 

  • The part of the Indian constitution that deals with Fundamental Rights is part III. The part consists of Articles 12 - 35, which talk about the fundamental rights of every citizen of India. 

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