What is Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. The Republic of India is governed by the Constitution of India, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. The Indian Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950. It provides for a parliamentary form of government which is federal in structure.

Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world. Under the concept of the Universal Adult Franchise, all registered voters get the opportunity to vote in the elections. The Constitution provides for a common unified judicial system for the Union and the States. The Indian Constitution guarantees complete freedom of religion to all.

Under the Indian Constitution, the Directive Principles of State Policy are the instructions the government has to implement in order to maintain social and economic democracy in the country.

Features of the Indian Constitution

The salient features of the Constitution have evolved directly and indirectly from these objectives, which emanate from the Preamble. The basic features of the Indian Constitution are:

  • The Preamble of the Constitution contains the ideals, objectives, and basic principles of the Constitution.
  • The Preamble declares India to be a republic.
  • Article I of the Constitution declares, “India, which is India, is a Union of States.”
  • The Constitution of India provides and guarantees six fundamental rights to its citizens.
  • Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his functions in accordance with the advice.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium