What is Article 256?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 256 in the Constitution of India covers the Union and State obligations. Accordingly, the executive power of each State shall be exercised to ensure compliance with newly enacted laws by the legislature and any applicable local laws. The Indian government may direct a state in any way it sees fit, thanks to the executive power of the Union.

Article 256 in the Constitution of India

On 13 June 1949, Draft Article 233 (Article 256) was discussed. The Draft Article mandated that the State executive be responsible for ensuring compliance with all applicable Union laws. To ensure these laws are implemented, the Union executive can provide the State executive with the necessary instructions.

  • The obligations of the States and the Union are covered in Article 256.
  • The executive power of the Union shall extend to issuing such directions as appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.
  • Each State’s executive power must be used to uphold all other laws currently in effect in that State and the laws passed by Parliament.
  • The Union’s executive power includes instructing a State when it appears to the Government of India that doing so is necessary for achieving a goal.


What is Article 256?

Article 256 in the Indian Constitution deals with List-I (Union List), List-II (State List), and List-III (Concurrent List) in the 7th Schedule. These are the three lists in which the Constitution specifies the partition of legislative topics between the Union and the States. The Parliament has the only authority to enact legislation regarding any matters mentioned on the Union List.

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