Where was EVM First Used in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

EVMs were used for the first time in Kerala in 1982 in 50 booths of the Paravur assembly constituency in Ernakulam. EVM stands for Electronic Voting Machine, which is a convenient way of conducting elections. The use of EVMs was introduced in the 1990s by the state-owned Electronics Corporation of India and Bharat Electronics. EVMs are also used in Delhi, Rajasthan, etc.

Use of EVM for the First Time in India

In 1992, Parliament inserted Section 61A Act. It validated the use of the EVM and the easier way for their use in elections. The EVMs were used on a testing basis for specified constituencies of Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.

  • EVMs were used for the first time in a general election in Kerala in May 1982, but because there was no specific law requiring their use, the Supreme Court invalidated that election.
  • The Representation of the People Act of 1951 was subsequently amended by the Parliament in 1989 to include a provision for the use of electronic voting machines (EVMs) in elections (chapter 3).
  • Only in 1998 was there a general agreement on its introduction, and 25 Legislative Assembly constituencies in the three states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Delhi began using them.
  • In 1999, it was used in 45 Parliamentary Constituencies, and in the Haryana Assembly elections in February 2000, it was used in 45 Assembly Constituencies.

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