Which is the Oldest Indian Civilization?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Oldest Indian Civilization is Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization. The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China. However, for India, the Vedic civilization is said to be the earliest civilization in the history of ancient India.

Oldest Indian Civilization

The Harappan Civilization or Indus Valley Civilization is the oldest urban culture of the subcontinent of India. Nuclear dates for the civilization are about 2500 to 1700 BCE, although the southern sites would have lasted later to the 2nd millennium BCE.

In the three oldest civilizations of the world – the other two being Egypt and Mesopotamia – the Indus Valley Civilization was extensive.

Features of the Oldest Indian Civilization

  • In 1921, the civilization was first identified in the Punjab region at Harappa, and then in 1922, near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region at Mohenjodaro (Mohenjodaro).
  • The places are present-day Pakistan, in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab. The ruins of Mohenjodaro were included in the World Heritage List UNESCO in 1980.
  • Subsequently, remains of the civilization have been found as far apart as Sutkagen Dor in the southwestern province of Baluchistan, Pakistan, near the coast of the Arabian Sea, about 300 miles (480 km) west of Karachi; and at Ropar (or Rupar), in the eastern state of Punjab, northwestern India, at the foot of the Shimla mountain range, about 1,600 km northeast of Sutkagen Dor.


Which is the Oldest Indian Civilization?

The Oldest Indian Civilization is The Indus Valley Civilization, famously known as the Harappan Civilization. It was the home to four urban civilizations of China, India, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. The nuclear dates for this civilization date somewhere between 2500 to 1700 BCE. The places from the civilization fall somewhere in present-day Pakistan.

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