What is an Election Constituency?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

An Election constituency constitutes an area where someone is elected as a representative based on the type of elections held normally every 5 years or during a bye-election. A constituency is a geographically defined area in which voters elect their representative for the State Assembly or the Parliament of the country whenever the elections are conducted.

Election Constituency

Based on the population, a state is divided into various constituencies. Likewise, the country is divided into various constituencies for the election of Members of Parliament. Except for some Union Territories, which have a single MP constituency, every MP constituency consists of different state assembly constituencies. For elections to municipal or other local bodies, the voting districts are referred to as wards.

When elections are taking place, reservations are made. There are some reserved seats for which only members of Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes may run for office.

  • After a predetermined amount of time, these seats are rotated. Also, reservation is made for women.
  • The number of constituencies a state can have depends on the state’s population in such a manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted remains the same.
  • The entire nation has been divided into 543 Parliamentary Constituencies, each of which elects one representative to the Lok Sabha.
  • The eligible voters directly elect each member of the Lok Sabha.


What is an Election Constituency?

An area where a representative is elected based on the kind of elections typically held every five years or during a bye-election is known as an Election constituency. There are 543 Parliamentary Constituencies that make up the entire country, and each one elects one member to the Lok Sabha.

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