What are Reserved Constituency? Why are they Necessary?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Reserved Constituency is defined as the constituency reserving seats for a specific social group or community such as SC and ST on the basis of the population. It is required in order to accurately represent the oppressed social groups. This provides SC/ST candidates with an equal opportunity to run in the general election and gain a seat in the government.

Define Reserved Constituency

Government bodies that monitor election conditions in a given area decide whether or not to use reserved constituencies in certain areas. The main goal of this concept is to reserve a specific constituency for candidates from the SC or ST categories. There are no general category candidates eligible to run in this constituency.

Necessity of Reserved Constituency

An independent body called the Delimitation Commission makes the decision about the reserved constituencies. The Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.

  • Its purpose is to draw up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
  • Each state has a quota of constituencies depending on the proportion of SC or ST in that state.
  • The Constitution of India provides for the reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

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