What is Indirect Method of Election?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Indirect Method of Election is the method of election wherein citizens elect a body, and the elected body subsequently appoints its members. In India, we have implemented a proportional representation system on a limited scale through indirect elections. For the election of the President, Vice President, Rajya Sabha, and Vidhan Parishads, the Constitution mandates a third and more extensive variant of the Proportional Representation system.

Indirect Method of  Election

Many countries employ it for heads of state, cabinets, heads of government, and/or upper chambers. It is one of the oldest types of election. Some international legislatures also use it.

  • The Rajya Sabha, India’s upper chamber of Parliament, is mostly elected indirectly by state legislatures.
  • Manmohan Singh is a Rajya Sabha member who was elected Prime Minister by the ruling party in the Lok Sabha in 2004. (lower house of parliament). As a result, Singh was portrayed as a “technocrat” and never won a direct or popular election as Prime Minister.
  • Technocracy is an ideological style of governance in which decision-making bodies or decision-makers are elected on their experience in a certain area of liability, particularly scientific or technological knowledge.


What is the Indirect Method of Election?

In the Indirect Method of Election, citizens elect a body, and the elected body chooses officeholders. Indirectly elected functions may be elected by a permanent body or a special body summoned solely for that purpose. It is also referred to as hierarchical voting where voters don’t choose among the candidates directly but elect people who choose the candidates instead.

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