What are the Modern Farming Methods? Explain their Drawbacks

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Modern farming methods include the use of techniques such as selective breeding, high capital input, and manpower with pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and insecticides, as well as significant use of agricultural equipment such as harvesters, winnowing machines, and threshers. Production is increasing due to modern agricultural techniques in practically every industry. One of the major drawbacks of modern farming methods is that the excessive use of chemicals with the help of machinery reduces the fertility of the land.

Modern Farming Methods

What is now known as modern agriculture was exceptionally successful in supplying food to the world’s growing population in the second half of the twentieth century. Primary crop yields, such as rice and wheat, increased significantly, food prices declined, increases in crop yields generally kept up with population expansion, and the proportion of people often living without food remained modest.

The invention of new crops, the use of pesticides and fertilizers, and the creation of extensive irrigation systems are some of the technological advances and scientific discoveries that have contributed to this increase in food production.

Drawbacks of Modern Farming Methods

The invention of modern farming methods has certainly given an edge to Indian agriculture. However, this agricultural technique has several drawbacks.

The following are the drawbacks of modern farming methods:

  • Chemical fertilizers are often needed in modern agriculture, which leads to the annual degradation of soil quality.
  • Precipitation dissolves about 50% of the nitrates in the chemical fertilizers used for crop growth.
  • Dissolved nitrate enters streams through land runoff

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