What are the Main Problems of Tribal Communities?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The main problems of tribal communities are social isolation due to their identity as lower castes, lack of access to health care and nutrition, forced displacement and resettlement, and exploitation of their resources and labor. Some other issues include verbal, financial, and technical illiteracy, the threat of their identity being erased, and more. In addition, tribal communities exist on the margins of modern society and face various socioeconomic, cultural, and political challenges.

Problems of Tribal Communities

In India, the total number of Scheduled Tribes (STs) is 705, spread over 30 states and union territories of the country. Many of these tribes face challenges that threaten to erase their identity and cause them to remain socially isolated and backward. The challenges often pose a threat to the indigenous identity of tribal communities.

  • According to the 2011 census, 89.97% of the total ST population lives in rural areas and 10.03% in urban areas.
  • The marginalized tribal population in rural areas not only faces isolation from modern society but also struggles with the exploitation of their resources and labor.
  • Living on the margins, they have little or no access to health facilities and education.
  • What’s more, their resources are exploited by industries in the name of development, and they are forcibly displaced from their homes.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium