What are Fluvial Erosional Landforms?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Fluvial Erosional Landforms are known as Landforms produced by the movement and energy of rivers and streams. The fluvial process forms two distinct landforms, and both fluvial erosion and fluvial depositional landforms are involved. Fluvial erosional landforms include, but are not limited to, gorges, canyons, rapids, waterfalls, and river capture.

Fluvial Erosional Landforms

River erosion produces landforms referred to as fluvial erosional landforms. Natural levees, floodplains, oxbow lakes, and deltas are some other examples of fluvial depositional landforms. Headward erosion is the erosion of a stream channel’s origin, which moves back from the flow direction and lengthens the stream channel.

Attrition: River load particles impacting, colliding, and disintegrating.

Characteristics of Fluvial Erosional Landforms

Given below are some of the characteristics of fluvial erosional landforms.

  • Fluvial erosive action has a variety of effects.
  • The chemical action that leads to weathering is called corrosion.
  • Rocks corrode or become abraded when they are struck by a large river load.
  • The erosion of a stream’s bed is referred to as “vertical erosion,” also known as “downcutting” (downcutting leads to valley deepening).
  • Lateral erosion is the term for the deterioration of a stream’s side walls (which leads to valley widening).


What are Fluvial Erosional Landforms?

Fluvial erosional landforms are those created by the motion and energy of rivers and streams. Both fluvial erosion and fluvial depositional landforms are produced by the fluvial process, which results in two distinct landforms. Among the many types of landforms created by fluvial erosion are gorges, canyons, waterfalls, rapids, and rivers.

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