Which is the Oldest High Court in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Oldest High Court in India is the Calcutta HC as per a patent issued by Queen Victoria on June 26, 1862. It controls the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the union territory of the state of West Bengal. The Cloth Hall in Ypres, Belgium, served as the inspiration for the design of the Supreme Court building.

Oldest High Court in India

The High Courts Act of 1861, which was brought before it, established the High Court at Fort William on July 1, 1862. Even though the city’s name was formally changed to Calcutta in 2001, the court has maintained its original name as an institution.

  • The capital of West Bengal, Calcutta, serves as the Calcutta High Court’s location.
  • From May 2, 1950, the Calcutta High Court’s jurisdiction was extended to Chandernagore (now called Chandannagar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands under the Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act, 1953.
  • The Calcutta High Court now has additional circuit benches that fall under its purview in Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Jalpaiguri, the location of the North Bengal divisional headquarters.
  • Ram Nath Kovind, the former president of India, inaugurated a new Circuit Bench in Jalpaiguri, West Bengal, in February 2019.
  • This Circuit Bench has jurisdiction over five districts: Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar, and Cooch Behar.


Which is the oldest High Court in India?

The Oldest High Court in India is the Calcutta High Court. Since Calcutta is the capital of West Bengal state, it serves as the location for the High Court. The High Court has jurisdiction over the state of West Bengal and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Lastly, the Calcutta High Court’s jurisdiction was expanded to include Chandernagore (now known as Chandannagar).

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