Which is the Largest Plain in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Largest plain in India is the Northern Plain, with an area of 700 thousand square kilometers. The plain is about 2,400 km long and 240 to 320 km wide and is a densely populated geographical divide. It is an agriculturally productive part of India with a large soil cover, adequate water supply, and a favorable climate.

Largest Plain in India

The Indian Ganga Plain, also known as the North Indian River Plain, spans 700,000 km (172 million acres) in northern India, comprising much of northern and eastern India, almost half of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh, and the southern plains of Nepal.

The Indus Valley Civilization, which gave rise to the earliest forms of Indian subcontinent culture, flourished in this region.

  • There were numerous empires that had their political and population centers in the Indian Plain, including the Maurya Empire, the Kushan Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Pala Empire, the Imperial Kannauj, the Delhi Sultanates, the Mughal Empire, and the Maratha Empire.
  • The flat and fertile terrain allowed them to rise and repeatedly expand.
  • The area has previously been referred to as “Hindustan” or “the Land of the Hindus.”
  • Maize, millet, barley, sugarcane, and cotton are examples of other crops.
  • The southwest monsoon is the main source of rain, and it usually provides enough for all types of agriculture.
  • Major irrigation projects use water from numerous rivers that originate in the Himalayas.
  • Due to the rapidly growing population in this area, water shortages are predicted to become a major issue (among other causes).
  • The region forms the land between the Brahmaputra River and the Aravalli Range.
  • The Jamuna, Ghaghara, and Chambal rivers, as well as the Ganga, are all present in the area.


Which is the Largest Plain in India?

The Largest Plain in India is The Indian-Gangetic Plain, also known as the North Indian River Plain, which is a fertile plain that stretches across the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent for 700,000 km (172 million acres). Most of northern and eastern India, about half of Pakistan, the entire nation of Bangladesh, and the southern plains of Nepal are included in this region.

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