How are the Landforms Formed?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Landforms are formed by both Exogenous and Endogenous Forces. A landform is a surface formation that is a component of the terrain. By displacing mountains and hills, tectonic plate movement beneath the Earth can produce landforms. They also consist of underwater features like ocean basins and mid-ocean ridges as well as coastal features like bays or peninsulas.

Formation of Landforms

Water and wind erosion can wear away the earth, resulting in similar landforms, valleys, and canyons. Both processes take a long time to complete. Mountains, plateaus, hills, and plains are the four major landforms. Ridges, canyons, valleys, and basins are examples of small landforms. Endogenous and exogenous forces both contribute to the formation of landforms.

  • Endogenous Forces: Endogenous forces are the pressure in the earth, also called internal forces. It contributes to vertical and horizontal movements and leads to subsidence, volcanism, uplift, folding, faulting, earthquakes, etc.
  • Exogenous Forces: Forces that derive their power from outside the earth or originate from the earth’s atmosphere are called exogenous forces or external forces.

An anthropogenic or natural land feature on the Earth’s surface or another planetary body is called a Landform. A given terrain comprises several landforms, and topography refers to how these landforms are arranged in the surrounding area.


How are the landforms formed?

Both Endogenous and Exogenous forces form Landforms. The formation on the surface of the earth that is part of the terrain is a landform. The four types of landforms are mountains, plateaus, hills, and plains. Small landforms are canyons, ridges, basins, and valleys.

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