What are the Types of Law?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Types of Law are Common law, Statutory law, Criminal law, and Civil law. Law is a body of rules and regulations. Legal processes differ between jurisdictions, and comparative law studies these differences. Laws of all kinds have broad repercussions and influence politics, the economy, and society in a variety of ways.

Types of Law in the Legal System

India has a federal judicial system, and there are four types of law in the Indian judicial system. Laws are a group of rules formed and enforced by social or governmental institutions to handle and regulate the behavior of people.

Common law

  • Any laws or rules intended to enforce specific pledges are included in the field of contract law.
  • In Australia, “common law” serves as the primary source of contract law, but more and more statutes are being added to it, particularly in consumer protection.

Statutory law

  • Written legislation enacted by a legislative body is known as a statute or statutory law.
  • It is against oral law, customary law, regulatory legislation issued by the executive branch, and common law jurisprudence.
  • Legislative bodies may enact federal, State, or local laws.

Criminal law

  • Individual jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Australia typically oversee the administration of Australian criminal law.
  • Only a small amount of criminal behavior is reserved for the Commonwealth Government to pursue, leaving the majority up to the states.

Civil Law

  • A civil right of action that develops unrelated to equity, reparation, criminality, or contract.
  • Torts safeguard a person’s interest in their reputation, material property, physical safety, or financial security.
  • A court order can be used to stop any interference and remedy unlawful interference with one of these interests.
  • The goal of tort law is to put the victim back in the same situation she was in before the tort.


What are the Types of Law?

The different Types of Law comprise statutory law, common law, civil law, and criminal law. Statutory law is created by legislative bodies, while common law is based on court decisions and precedents. Moreover, civil law deals with private disputes between individuals, while criminal law deals with crimes and offenses against society.

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