Explain Why Gandhiji Decided to Withdraw from the Non-Cooperation Movement

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Gandhiji decided to withdraw from the Non-Cooperation Movement because the movement was frequently devolving into violence. The Satyagraha movement, which was started by Gandhiji on September 5, 1920, can be referred to as the non-cooperation movement. It was built to protest the crimes committed by the British.

In Gandhi’s opinion, the Satyagrahis needed to be adequately prepared for large-scale struggles. As a result, in February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew from the non-cooperation movement.

Reasons for Gandhiji’s Withdrawal from Non-Cooperation Movement

The reasons why Gandhiji decided to withdraw from the non-cooperation movement are as follows:

  • A peaceful protest was to be held in Chauri Chaura till it turned violent, and people set the police station on fire.
  • Gandhi believed that, in many aspects, the demonstration was turning violent and strongly opposed the use of violence.
  • Gandhi believed that Satyagrahis needed more preparation and tolerance to lead a non-violent mass revolt. In order for the Satyagrahis to be ready for large-scale conflict, they needed intensive training.
  • Within Congress, some delegates attempted a general revolt and sought to vote in elections to the provincial councils.
  • He believed it important to voice opposition to British policy within the councils.
  • The Non-Cooperation Movement also started slowing down in many cities due to various reasons.

Non-Cooperation Movement

The non-cooperation policy was introduced by the party at the Congress meeting in Calcutta in September 1920. It represented the beginning of a new era in the struggle for Indian independence. Mahatma Gandhi was the driving force behind the non-cooperation campaign. He published a manifesto in March 1920 outlining the principles of his campaign of non-violent non-cooperation.

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