Why did Mahatma Gandhi launch the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’? How did this movement unite the country? Explain

By Balaji

Updated on: March 30th, 2023

Mahatma Gandhi launched the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ in 1921 to encourage self-governance and mobilise movements for independence. This movement was a response to the British government’s unequal treatment of its citizens. It was a non-violent demonstration that brought the populace together and inspired them to oppose working with the British government to decrease their control over India and Indians.

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  • 1. Non Cooperation Movement in India (more)

Non Cooperation Movement in India

Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-cooperation Movement in order to withdraw Indian support for the British empire. The movement was formed to oppose the Rowlatt Act, which was passed despite the opposition of Indian lawyers.

  • On April 13, a peaceful protest against the act was disrupted by the British, who fired on protestors and violently suppressed them.
  • This became known as the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, and it prompted Gandhi to launch the non-cooperation movement.
  • The non cooperation movement sought to reduce reliance on the British government and to resist it as much as possible.
  • The plan was to refuse to work with the British Raj and to boycott all government institutions.
  • This movement brought the country together because, in addition to the non-cooperation movement, Muslims launched the Khilafat Movement.
  • Both movements aimed for the same outcomes and thus achieved Hindu-Muslim unity.
  • Furthermore, the non-cooperative movement benefited all segments of society, including women, students, zamindars, and others, contributing to the country’s unity.

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