Why did Mahatma Gandhi launch the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’? How did this movement unite the country? Explain

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Mahatma Gandhi launched the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ in 1921 to encourage self-governance and mobilise movements for independence. This movement was a response to the British government’s unequal treatment of its citizens. It was a non-violent demonstration that brought the populace together and inspired them to oppose working with the British government to decrease their control over India and Indians.

Non Cooperation Movement in India

Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-cooperation Movement in order to withdraw Indian support for the British empire. The movement was formed to oppose the Rowlatt Act, which was passed despite the opposition of Indian lawyers.

  • On April 13, a peaceful protest against the act was disrupted by the British, who fired on protestors and violently suppressed them.
  • This became known as the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, and it prompted Gandhi to launch the non-cooperation movement.
  • The non cooperation movement sought to reduce reliance on the British government and to resist it as much as possible.
  • The plan was to refuse to work with the British Raj and to boycott all government institutions.
  • This movement brought the country together because, in addition to the non-cooperation movement, Muslims launched the Khilafat Movement.
  • Both movements aimed for the same outcomes and thus achieved Hindu-Muslim unity.
  • Furthermore, the non-cooperative movement benefited all segments of society, including women, students, zamindars, and others, contributing to the country’s unity.

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