Distinguish between Bhangar and Khadar

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The difference between Bhangar and Khadar is that Bhangar soil is less fertile, and Khadar is highly fertile soil. Bhangar and Khadar refer to the two types of alluvial soils found in the North Indian plains. Alluvial soils are deposited in the flood plains by running rivers. These types of soils are found in the Doab regions.

Difference between Bhangar and Khadar

The major difference between Khadar and Bangar is illustrated in the table below:

Bhangar Khadar
Bhangar soil is found in areas above the flood levels. Khadar soil is found in areas below the flood levels.
This soil is often mixed with small lime nodules. This soil only contains clay and fine silt.
It is the older alluvial plain that represents the upland alluvial tract. These are the new plains formed due to alluvial deposition along the river’s course.
Bhangar soils are suitable for Agriculture. Khadar soil is suitable for cultivating sugarcane, maize, wheat, rice, and oilseeds.
It gives a rich yield than Khadar soil. It gives less yield than Bhangar soil.

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Bhangar and Khadar

Alluvial soil is mainly discovered in the north Indian plain. It is very fertile and is preferred for cultivation. The Great North Indian Plain is divided into five parts:

  • The Khadar Plains
  • The Bhangar Plains
  • The Tarai tract
  • The Bhabar Plains.

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