Difference Between City and Village – 5 Major Differences Between Village and City

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Difference Between City and Village: During the beginning of civilization, Humans lived together in big groups and survived by hunting and gathering. But as time passed and technology improved, things changed. People started living in smaller groups and moved away from each other to find better jobs and opportunities. This is why we have villages (rural areas) and cities (urban areas) today.

In India, there are around 4,000 cities and towns, and the biggest cities have more than 3 million people living in them. A key difference between villages and cities is that villages are small rural settlements with close-knit communities and simpler lifestyles, relying on agriculture or traditional industries. They have limited infrastructure. Whereas, Cities are large urban areas with developed infrastructure, diverse economies, and a faster-paced lifestyle, offering a wide range of amenities and opportunities.

Difference Between City And Village

It’s worth noting that the significant difference between a city and a village is that A village can vary greatly depending on the country, region, and cultural context. Some villages may have undergone significant changes due to urbanization, increased connectivity, or tourism, leading to a more modernized or diverse village environment. On the other hand, cities can vary greatly in terms of their specific characteristics, cultural context, and level of development.

5 Differences between Village and City

The major differences between a city and a village are typically related to their size, population, infrastructure, and way of life. Here are some key distinctions:

City vs Village




Size and Population

Cities are generally larger and more densely populated than villages. They have a higher concentration of people, buildings, and businesses.

Villages, on the other hand, tend to be smaller and have a smaller population.


Cities have more developed infrastructure compared to villages. They typically have a wider range of amenities and facilities, including advanced transportation systems (such as subway networks or extensive bus routes), well-maintained roads, a variety of educational institutions, hospitals, shopping centers, and recreational facilities.

Village vs City: Villages, in contrast, often have limited infrastructure and fewer amenities.

Economic Activities

Cities are usually centers of economic activity, with a diverse range of industries and businesses. They offer more employment opportunities and attract a larger workforce.

Villages, on the other hand, tend to have a more traditional and agrarian economy, with farming, fishing or small-scale businesses being the primary sources of income.

Lifestyle and Community

City life is often more fast-paced, cosmopolitan, and diverse. Cities are melting pots of cultures, and offer a wide array of entertainment options, restaurants, and cultural events.

Villages usually have a more close-knit community, where people often know each other and have strong social connections. The lifestyle in villages tends to be quieter and more focused on traditional values and customs.


Cities are typically governed by municipal corporations or city councils, with more complex administrative structures and local governments.

Villages may have their own village councils or may be governed by the surrounding rural district administration.

It’s important to note that these city and village differences are generalizations, and there can be variations between different cities and villages around the world. Some cities may have a small-town feel, while some villages may have more developed infrastructure due to specific circumstances.

City And Village

City And Village Difference: Cities are big and crowded places with lots of buildings and people. They have modern facilities like good roads, schools, hospitals, and many job opportunities. Life in cities is busy and fast-paced.

On the other hand, villages are small settlements in the countryside. They have close-knit communities where people know each other well. Villages often rely on farming or traditional work for their livelihood. They may not have as many facilities as cities and life there is usually slower and simpler.

What is a Village?

A village is a small settlement or community that is typically located in a rural or semi-rural area. It is smaller in size and population compared to a town or city. Villages are characterized by their close-knit community, simpler way of life, and often a more traditional and agrarian economy. Here are some key features and characteristics of a town and village difference:

  • ‘Village’ is a French word that means a group of buildings.
  • A village is a small community in which people live in buildings/houses built close to each other. Village infrastructure tends to be less developed compared to cities.
  • It is usually geographically located on the outskirts of a city, also known as the countryside. They are often surrounded by agricultural lands, forests, or natural landscapes.
  • Small settlements and reduced populations typically characterize it.
  • The landscape is picturesque with a lot of trees, rivers, hills, mountains, cattle, dogs, etc.
  • Villages traditionally rely on agriculture, farming, livestock rearing, or other primary industries as their main sources of livelihood. However, this can vary depending on the region and the level of development. In some cases, villages may also have small-scale businesses or cottage industries.
  • The local governing body of the village is called Panchayat. The members of the governing body are the residents of the village.
  • Traditional customs, practices, and cultural values are often preserved in villages. Festivals and community events play an important role in village life, bringing people together and celebrating local traditions.

What is a City?

A city is a large and densely populated human settlement characterized by various features, including infrastructure, economic activities, governance, and cultural diversity. Cities serve as centers of commerce, industry, culture, and governance. Here are some key features and characteristics of village and town differences:

  • A city can be described as a large human settlement. The population of a city can range from a few thousand to millions of people, depending on the city’s global or regional significance.
  • Cities have well-developed infrastructure, including transportation networks (such as roads, bridges, and public transit systems), utilities (such as water supply, electricity, and sewage systems), and public facilities (such as schools, hospitals, and recreational spaces).
  • The landscaping is concrete and lacks the charm of natural things. Cities tend to have a faster-paced lifestyle compared to rural areas.
  • People in the city do not engage in agriculture but in various other occupations like teachers, engineers, doctors, clerks, cleaners, etc. The availability of employment opportunities often leads to a higher standard of living.
  • The city has properly demarcated houses and boundaries for people. Inhabitants do not indulge in community living.
  • They may have iconic landmarks, renowned universities, research centers, and international transportation hubs.
  • Cities do not have panchayats and directly fall under state governance. Cities have their own administrative bodies, such as municipal corporations or city councils, responsible for local governance.
  • Cities are often multicultural and diverse, attracting people from various backgrounds and cultures. This diversity is reflected in the presence of different ethnicities, languages, religions, and cultural practices.


Key Differences Between City and Village

In conclusion, the significant difference between village and city is that villages are smaller communities where people live a simpler life, often relying on farming or traditional jobs.

They have fewer facilities and a close-knit community. Cities, on the other hand, are big and bustling with more people, advanced infrastructure, and various job opportunities. They offer a fast-paced lifestyle and a wide range of amenities.

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