In which City India’s First Metro was Started?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Kolkata metro holds the record of being India’s first metro service. It was introduced in the year 1984. It started from Esplanade to Bhowanipur (Now Netaji Bhawan) for 3.4 km and served 5 stations initially. The Kolkata Metro was India’s first underground rail system, similar to the London tube system. This is a third rail DC-powered line.

India’s First Metro Railway

Kolkata metro is a fast transit system in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. As of February 2021, it has two operational lines, a 31.36 km (19.49 mi) from Dakshineswar to Kavi Subhash and a 6.9 km (4.3 mi) line from Salt Lake Sector V to Phoolbagan with a total of 38.26 km. (23.77 miles).

Four other lines are in different stages of construction. The system includes a mixture of underground, at-grade, and elevated stations that use both broad-gauge and standard-gauge tracks. The trains run between 07:00 and 22:30 IST, and the fare ranges from ₹5 to ₹25.

Milestones of First Metro in India

The milestones of the Kolkata metro are as follows:

  • The foundation stone of Metro Railway Kolkata was laid on December 29, 1972.
  • On 24 October 1984, India’s first metro was commissioned between Esplanade to Bhowanipore (now Netaji Bhawan), Kolkata.
  • 22 August 2009, part of the new 5.89 km from Mahanayak Uttam Kumar to Kavinajrul Commissioned.
  • 13 February 2022, Phase 1 of the East-West Corridor between Salt Lake has been inaugurated Sector V to Salt Lake Stadium.

Chennai MRTS was India’s first elevated railway line, such as on the New York subway. It uses the standard Indian Railway EMU, 25 KV AC overhead catenary. Then came the Delhi Metro, the first modern rail-based MRTS in India. Delhi metro is the most extensive metro network in India.

List of Metro Cities of India

The metro train in cities of India is as follows:

  • Delhi Metro – Delhi NCR
  • Kolkata metro
  • Namma metro – Bengaluru
  • Jaipur metro
  • Mumbai metro Mumbai
  • Rapid Metro Gurugram
  • Kochi metro
  • Chennai metro
  • Lucknow metro
  • Hyderabad metro


In which City India’s First Metro was Started?

Kolkata Metro was the first Indian metro that started its journey in the year 1984 from Esplanade to Bhowanipur. It initially covered a distance of 3.4 KM. The Kolkata Metro is the first underground metro rail system in India. Now Kolkata Metro covers two operational lines from Dakhineswar to Kabi Subhash and Saltlake Sector V to Phool Bagan.

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