History of Indian Administrative Service(IAS)
With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919, the Indian civil service was split into two arms, the All India Services, and the Central Services.The Indian Civil Service was one of the ten All India Services. When India was partitioned in 1947, the Indian Civil Service was divided between the new dominions of India and Pakistan. The Indian remnant of the ICS was named the Indian Administrative Service. The modern Indian Administrative Service was created under Article 312(2) in part XIV of the Constitution of India, and the All India Services Act, 1951.
Easy Way to Become an IAS Officer?
To become an IAS Officer, one needs to clear the UPSC Exam. The UPSC Exam consists of three stages, UPSC Prelims, UPSC Mains, and Interview. The service allocation to the IAS is done on the basis of category reservations allocated during the specified year.
To become an IAS Officer, one needs to first go through the UPSC Syllabus in detail and understand it. The UPSC Prelims Syllabus and the UPSC Mains Syllabus, though integrated in nature, require a separate approach while preparing. A robust UPSC Preparation Strategy helps in the preparation for becoming an IAS Officer.
How to Become IAS Officer after the 12th?
The preparation for becoming an IAS Officer after the 12th starts with the basic necessary reading of the NCERT Books for UPSC. The NCERT books form the basis of most of the preparation of subjects in the UPSC Preparation Strategy. To read the NCERTs for UPSC, always move from class 6th level to 12th level. The NCERT Books do not cover the entire civil service syllabus but it does cover most of the fundamentals.
Once an aspiring candidate passes the intermediate level or class 12th, decide your area of interest in terms of optional subject. Go through the List of Optional Subjects for UPSC, and pursue your graduation in that subject. Even if you do not choose an Arts background during graduation, you can still develop a habit to read the books related to Optional Subject and UPSC during your grad days.
How to Become an IAS Officer [Step by Step Guidelines]
To become an IAS Officer, one needs sheer determination, perseverance, and a desire to do hard work, even in extreme circumstances. The IAS Exam teaches one patience and the importance of hard work, coupled with smart work.
Below we will be discussing the necessary steps that should be adopted by a serious aspiring IAS candidate to achieve success. These step-by-step processes include:
Clear your Basics
As an aspiring IAS Officer, it is very important that one must be clear with the basics and the syllabus. The basics lay the foundation of the subject. It is always advised to get a hand with the detailed UPSC Syllabus before starting with the preparation. Limited resources with exhaustive revision play a crucial role in the selection for the IAS Exam. One should pay detailed attention to the UPSC Prelims Syllabus, UPSC Mains Syllabus, and CSAT Syllabus to get a better understanding of the UPSC Exam Pattern.
Read NCERTs and Choose Basic Books
Once accustomed to the syllabus, move forward with the books. It is essential for an aspiring UPSC candidate to go through the NCERT Books for UPSC and revise them thoroughly atleast 3-to 4 times before the UPSC Exam. Post completing the NCERT Books, pick up the standard recommended UPSC Books for all the subjects mentioned in the UPSC Syllabus.
One should always IAS Notes when studying, as it helps in easy revision at the last moment.
☛ Also Read: How to Study NCERT for UPSC
Practice UPSC Question Papers
By solving the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers, one gets conceptual clarity about the IAS Exam and the level of difficulty. Solving PYQs also helps in time management and allows a candidate to get an idea of what areas to focus on more to clear the UPSC Exam.
Focus on Current Affairs
Current Affairs is an integral part of the UPSC Civil Service Examination. The relevance of current affairs in the UPSC Exam can be accessed from the fact that it is an indispensable part of the preparation, and to score well, one needs to have a basic understanding and conceptual clarity of news events nationally and internationally. One should always prefer quality over quantity, and for that, a candidate can either consider reading The Hindu or The Indian Express.
Attempting timely mocks helps in accessing the performance and the performance of the candidate preparing to become an IAS officer. One should always attempt sectional, substantive and full-length mocks from time to time.
Revision is the key to cracking the UPSC Exam in First Attempt. Keep your resources limited but revise them multiple times. This helps in retaining the knowledge and understanding the subject or the topic in a much better way. Micro-manage your study timetable accordingly and segregate targets weekly, monthly and quarterly.
How to Fill IAS Officer Form?
UPSC releases the application form for IAS every year and the candidates who are interested in appearing for IAS 2023 can fill up the UPSC Application Form on the official website in February 2023. UPSC will release the IAS 2023 application form on 1st February 2023, and the interested candidates must apply before the last filling date. It is advised for the candidates to go through all the necessary details before filling up the IAS Prelims exam form online.
To fill the IAS Officer Form online, follow these steps:
- Visit the official website of UPSC
- Then go to the CSE secretion
- Click on the “Apply” optional
- Fill in all the required information and upload your latest photo and signature
- Check your application preview and Submit it
Exam Pattern for IAS Exam
To qualify as an IAS Officer, one must sit for the UPSC Exam. The UPSC Exam consists of three stages, Prelims, Mains, and Interview. Failure even at any stage leads back to ground zero. The UPSC Prelims consist of two objective MCQs paper-set (General Studies and CSAT) with a maximum score of 400 points (200 each). The UPSC Prelims are for screening purposes only; scores obtained in the UPSC Prelims are not taken into consideration for determining the final rank of the candidate.
The number of candidates admitted to the UPSC Mains Exam is approximately twelve to thirteen times the total number of vacancies estimated to be filled during the notified year. Only applicants who have been declared qualified by the Commission for the UPSC Prelims are admitted to the UPSC Mains examination.
For the UPSC Interview, only two to three times the allotted number of vacancies notified that year are called. The UPSC holds all the rights to choose how many vacancies it wants to fill, i.e., how many candidates it feels are fit for joining the Central Group A and B services.
Selection and Training for IAS Officer
After the UPSC Results are declared and the years UPSC Cut off are out, the selected candidates through the UPSC are called in for training at various centers across the country. The foundation course training is the same for all the services such as IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IFoS, etc., and is done at LBSNAA. LBSNAA is the National Academy of Administration for the recruits of the IAS. The job-specific training, i.e., the Phase 1 and Phase 2 pieces of training of the IAS Officers, along with the Bharat Darshan commences from LBSNAA.
Roles and Duties of an IAS Officer
The role and responsibilities of an IAS Officer in India Includes:
- To collect revenue and function as court officials in matters of revenue and crime, to maintain law and order, to implement union and state government policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions as Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Additional District Magistrate, District Magistrate, and Divisional Commissioner, and to act as an agent of the government in the field, i.e. to act as an intermediary between the public and the government.
- To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government, including the formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department.
- To contribute to policy formulation, and to make a final decision in certain matters, with the agreement of the minister concerned or the council of ministers, when posted at the higher level in the Government of India.