Explain Why Gandhiji Decided to Withdraw from the Non-Cooperation Movement

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 4th, 2022

Gandhiji decided to withdraw from the Non-Cooperation Movement because the movement was frequently devolving into violence. The Satyagraha movement, which was started by Gandhiji on September 5, 1920, can be referred to as the non-cooperation movement. It was built to protest the crimes committed by the British.

In Gandhi's opinion, the Satyagrahis needed to be adequately prepared for large-scale struggles. As a result, in February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew from the non-cooperation movement.

Gandhiji Withdraw from the Non-Cooperation Movement

The reasons why Gandhiji decided to withdraw from the non-cooperation movement are as follows:

  • A peaceful protest was going on in Chauri Chaura till it turned violent and people set the police station on fire.
  • Gandhi believed that in many aspects, the demonstration was turning violent and strongly opposed the use of violence.
  • Gandhi believed that Satyagrahis needed more preparation and tolerance to lead a non-violent mass revolt.
    In order for the Satyagrahis to be ready for large-scale conflict, they needed intensive training.
  • Within Congress, some delegates attempted a general revolt and sought to vote in elections to the provincial councils.
  • He believed that it was important to voice opposition to British policy within the councils.

Non-Cooperation Movement

The non-cooperation policy was introduced by the party at the Congress meeting in Calcutta in September 1920. It represented the beginning of a new era in the struggle for Indian independence. Mahatma Gandhi was the driving force behind the non-cooperation campaign. He published a manifesto in March 1920 outlining the principles of his campaign of non-violent non-cooperation.

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FAQs on Gandhiji Withdraw from Non-Cooperation Movement

  • Gandhi terminated the movement in February 1922 when a vengeful mob murdered police officials in the village of Chauri Chaura (now in the state of Uttar Pradesh).

  • In 1920, the Indian National Congress approved a resolution recommending Indians stop supporting India's British administration and economy. The Non-Cooperation Movement sought to repeal the Rowlatt Act and poorna Swarajya, or total autonomy.

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