Explain the Khilafat Movement with Reference to

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : August 26th, 2022

The Khilafat Movement was a pan-Islamic force in India that arose in 1919 to salvage the Ottoman caliph as a symbol of unity among the Muslim community in India during the British raj. The main aim of the Khilafat movement was to force the British government to change its attitude towards Turkey and restore Khalifa to his former position. The Khilafatists had formed a three-point program, and the main impact was to oppose the Britishers.

Aims, Program, and Impact of the Khilafat Movement

The Khilafat movement was initiated under the leadership of the Ali brothers, Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali-Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani.

The aim of the Khilafat Movement was:

  • To force the British government to change its attitude towards Turkey and restore Khalifa to his former position.

The Khilafat Movement had a three-point program, which was:

  • Arabia, Syria, Iraq, and Palestine must stay under Muslim rule, collectively known as the Arab Land.
  • The Ottoman Caliph should retain his empire.
  • The Ottoman Caliph must be provided with sufficient territory to enable him to defeat the Islamic faith.

The Khilafat Movement had a far fetching impact. The impact of the movement were:

  • Leaders of the Khilafat movement accepted the Non-cooperation Movement of Gandhiji and led a joint protest against the British.
  • People started to resign from government services.
  • It led to the surrender of titles and honorary positions
  • The Khilafat Movement created political consciousness among the Indian Muslims
  • Necessities such as buying and selling goods and schools were put on hold.

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Explain the Khilafat Movement with Reference to: Aims Program Impact FAQs

  • The Khilafat Movement had put forward two main demands. It first demanded that the Khilafat's control over Muslim sacred places be restored, and secondly, he should be left with sufficient territories. The movement, though, started on a religious ground soon. It became a pan-India movement with the All India Khilafat Conference in 1919.

  • The Khilafat movement proved that Hindus and Muslims were two different nations as they could not continue the unity and could not live together. The Khilafat Movement created political consciousness among the Indian Muslims, inspiring them to constitute another movement for independence.

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