Aims, Program, and Impact of the Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat movement was initiated under the leadership of the Ali brothers, Mohammed Ali and Shaukat Ali-Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani.
The aim of the Khilafat Movement was:
- To force the British government to change its attitude towards Turkey and restore Khalifa to his former position.
The Khilafat Movement had a three-point program, which was:
- Arabia, Syria, Iraq, and Palestine must stay under Muslim rule, collectively known as the Arab Land.
- The Ottoman Caliph should retain his empire.
- The Ottoman Caliph must be provided with sufficient territory to enable him to defeat the Islamic faith.
The Khilafat Movement had a far fetching impact. The impact of the movement were:
- Leaders of the Khilafat movement accepted the Non-cooperation Movement of Gandhiji and led a joint protest against the British.
- People started to resign from government services.
- It led to the surrender of titles and honorary positions
- The Khilafat Movement created political consciousness among the Indian Muslims
- Necessities such as buying and selling goods and schools were put on hold.