Why was a Khilafat Committee Formed?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Khilafat Committee was formed to protect the authority of the Ottoman Caliphate, which was curtailed in the Treaty of Sevres after World War I. The Khilafat movement was founded under the leadership of Muhammad Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani. This foundation became a turning point in the history of the Indian freedom struggle, which coincided with the non-cooperation movement.

Formation of Khilafat Committee

The Khilafat movement, which happened concurrently with the Non-Cooperation movement, was a watershed moment in the history of the Indian independence movement.

  • On August 31, 1921, the Khilafat Non-Cooperation Movement began. Government employees began to leave their positions.
  • Schools and other requirements, such as purchasing and selling things, were postponed.
  • The Khilafat Movement and the Congress Non-Cooperation Movement had merged into a single national movement by the end of 1920.
  • In 1921, the Khilafat Committee noted that all Muslims requested not to enlist in the police or military and not to pay taxes.
  • This infuriated the authorities, and the Ali brothers were arrested on seditious accusations.
  • The participation of the Khilafat and Congress volunteers in this scheme was deemed unlawful.
  • Unfortunately, as word of the Chauri Chaura incident spread, Gandhiji insisted on putting off the entire campaign on February 12, 1922.


Why was a Khilafat Committee Formed?

The Khilafat Committee was Formed at the end of World War I, and the Treaty of Sevres curtailed the Ottoman Caliph’s power. The Khilafat movement, led by Mohammed Ali, Shaukat Ali, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani, was founded on this concept.

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