In what way was the Administration of the Company different from that of Indian Rulers?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Administration of the Company is different from that of Indian Rulers in adopting the method of dividing British territories into separate administrative ‘Presidencies.’ To better govern its various territories, the East India Company divided them into administrative units known as ‘Presidencies.’ These three administrative divisions or Presidencies were Bengal, Madras, and Bombay.

Administration of Company Differ from Indian Rulers

The Governor was responsible for each Presidency, whereas a Collector ruled a district. The Governor of India was mainly responsible for making administrative decisions, whereas the Collector collected taxes and revenue while maintaining law and order in the district.

  • The East India Company’s administrative methods were quite different from those of the Indian rulers.
  • Ironically, the East India Company sought advice from highly intelligent people, including priests, to make administrative decisions while respecting local beliefs.
  • Indian rulers, on the other hand, never preferred to do so. It is one of the most significant differences between these two rulers.
  • Under the East India Company, the administration’s highest order or head was the Governor-General.
  • The first Governor-General (Warren Hastings) enforced different Administrative Reforms, especially in the field of Justice.
  • During Indian rule, the king was the highest in order or the head of the administration.
  • A new justice system was set up in 1772, where each district was provided with two types of courts: a ‘criminal court’ and a ‘civil court.’
  • Later, a Supreme Court was established under the Regulatory Act 1773, and a Court of Appeal in Calcutta.

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