Who led the Khilafat Movement?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Khilafat Movement was led by the Ali brothers Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali along with Abul Kalam Azad. The Khilafat movement was a movement associated with Indian nationalism by Indian Muslims in the years following World War I. The Khilafat movement started in 1919 and ended in 1924. The Muslim population considered the Sultan as their religious head in India.

Leader of the Khilafat Movement

Two Ali brothers founded the Khilafat Movement. Maulana Azad, Hasrat Mohani, and Hakim Ajmal Khan were other leaders connected to this movement.

  • The Khilafat movement was started by Indian subcontinent Muslims to restore the Ottoman Caliph, who was considered the Muslim leader, as an effective political authority.
  • The goal was to persuade the British government to keep the Ottoman Sultan’s authority as Caliph of Islam after the Ottoman Empire collapsed at the end of the war.
  • The Khilafat movement coincided with Mahatma Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.
  • In 1920, the leaders of the Khilafat and the Indian National Congress, India’s largest political party and a nationalist movement, formed an alliance.
  • Mohandas Gandhi, Congress leader, and Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the cause of Khilafat and Swaraj.


Who led the Khilafat Movement?

The Leaders of the Khilafat Movement are the Ali brothers – Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali along with Abul Kalam Azad. It was a movement in India associated with Indian nationalism in the years following World War I.

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