Difference Between XML and HTML

By Mohit Uniyal|Updated : April 26th, 2022

Difference Between XML and HTML: Both XML and HTML Languages are used to design web pages and web applications. The full form of the term HTML is Hypertext Markup Language, while the full form of the term XML is Extensible Markup Language. The main purpose of HTML language is to display the given data and focus on data representation whereas the XML language structures, stores, and transfers the given information and XML also tells about the data. XML is case sensitive language due to this the upper and lower case needs to be remembered while coding.

Here, we will first briefly investigate the XML and HTML and then we will see the complete list and explore the difference between XML and HTML. We have described the differences in several parameters below.

Table of Content

What is XML?

XML stands for (Xtensible Markup Language) and are used to create web pages and web applications. XML is a dynamic language because it is used to transport the data only not for the data displaying. The XML simply focused on simplicity, generality, and usability all over the Internet. This language is a textual data format that has strong support through the Unicode for different human languages. XML also focuses on documents, this language is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures like XML is used in web services. XML is also case-sensitive.

The basic unit in the XML is generally known as an element and the Extension of the XML file is written as “.xml”. XML tags are written between angular brackets(< >). 

Example, 

<Data>

<Name>Mohit</Name>

<email>Mohit123@gmail.com</email>

<Contact>+1232763589</Contact>

</Data>

Output: 

Name-Mohit

email-Mohit123@gmail.com

Contact-+1232763589

What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language which is used to make and design web pages and web applications. HTML is a markup language. With HTML we can create and design our own static page. This language is only used for displaying the data, not for the transportation of data. HTML is the fusion of Hypertext and Markup language it also defines the link among the web pages. This markup language is used for defining the text document within the tag which gives the structure of web pages. The tags are the words between the <angle brackets> and separate standard text from HTML code. The output is displayed on web pages in the form of tables, images, diagrams, etc.

Example- 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>Page Title</title>

</head>

<body>

<h1> First Heading</h1>

<p> First Paragraph.</p>

</body>

</html>

Output: 

First Heading

First Paragraph.

What are the Differences Between XML and HTML?

As we have seen a brief introduction to XML and HTML Languages. We will now study the difference between XML and HTML Languages. The major differences between these two languages are explained  in the table provided below:

Difference Between XML and HTML

XML

HTML

The term HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.

The term XML stands for extensible Markup Language.

This Language is static language.

This Language is a dynamic language.

This Language is a markup language.

This Language provides a framework to define markup languages.

HTML can ignore small errors.

XML does not allow errors.

This Language is not Case sensitive.

This Language is Case sensitive.

HTML tags are predefined tags and there is a limited number of tags.

XML tags are user-defined tags and these tags are extensible.

HTML does not maintain white spaces.

White space can be maintained in XML.

HTML tags are used for displaying the data.

XML tags are used for describing the data not for displaying it.



In this language, closing tags are not necessary.

In this language, closing tags are necessary.

It displays the data.

It is used to store data from the database.

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FAQs

  • The basic difference between HTML and XML is that HTML displays data and represent the structure of a webpage, while the XML stores and transfers the given data. XML is a standard language that defines other computer languages, whereas the HTML is a predefined language that has its own implications.

  • The XML is better than the HTML because XML is Case sensitive language while HTML is Case insensitive language. The XML gives namespaces support whereas HTML doesn't gives namespaces support. eXtensible Markup Language is strict for closing tag while HyperText Markup Language is not strict. XML tags are extensible while HTML has limited tags.

  • No. the XML cannot replace the HTML instead of this it provides an alternative way which allows us to define own set of mark-up elements. HTML is expected to remain in common use occasionally, and for HTML a Document Type Definition is available whereas in XML syntax as well as in original SGML.

  • The advantages of HTML over XML is that by using the HTML appearance and presentation can be modified that creates it more interactive. The XML is the language that focusses on the exchange of information only.

  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the mark-up language that is used for building web pages whereas the HTML5 is the fifth version of HyperText Markup Language. In the HTML5, many of the older elements of HTML were modified and better functionality elements were added. For the storing the temporary data, cookies are used.

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