What is C language?
Before discussing the difference between C and C++, let us check what is C language? C is a structured, general-purpose programming language that was created for system development work, i.e. programs that makeup operating systems. Because of its versatility, speed, and simplicity, it quickly became popular for a variety of application development projects.
The C programming language is a procedural or structural programming language. Dennis Ritchie of Bell Laboratories created it in 1972. This machine-independent programming language was created to allow utilities to operate on the Unix platform. It is now widely employed in a wide range of applications.
What is C++?
Bjarne Stroustrup of Bell Laboratories designed C++, a high-level computer programming language, in the early 1980s. It's an expansion of the classic C programming language that adds object-oriented programming and other features.
C++ is a computer language that is similar to low-level languages and is regarded as one of the quickest. It gives you total control over memory management and allocation. C++ is a programming language that is used to create complicated, high-performance programs. Because C++ is similar to C and Java, programmers will find it easier to learn and use these languages.
Difference Between C and C++
We have provided the difference between C and C++ programming languages based on various parameters listed in the table below.
|Difference Between C and C++|
|Polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance are not supported in C, hence object-oriented programming is not possible.||Because it is an object-oriented programming language, C++ provides polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.|
|C contains 32 keywords.||C++ contains 63 keywords.|
|C is a subset of C++.||C++ is a superset of C.|
|A program written in the C programming language has a .c file extension.||A C++ program's file extension is.cpp.|
|In C, data and functions are kept separate.||In C++, both data and functions are enclosed together.|
|Memory allocation is handled by the calloc() and malloc() routines.||For memory allocation, the new operator and free() are used.|