Difference Between City and Village

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 1, 2022, 12:51

Human civilization is very complex and depends on a variety of social, economic, political, and cultural factors. Humans have lived in large social groups during ancient times and were confined to hunting and gathering for food. With the invention of the wheel and the gradual advancement in technology, many of these factors dictating human lives began to change.

The big social groups fragmented into numerous smaller ones, and they began to move away from each other in search of other economic opportunities. Hence, based on the kind of economic practices human societies indulge in, they can be divided into living in a village (rural) or a city (urban). India has approximately 4,000 cities and towns in total. Out of which the seven metro cities have a population of more than 3 million. Read Meaning and Difference Between City and Village below -

What is a Village?

  • 'Village' is a French word that means a group of buildings.
  • A village is a small community in which people live in buildings/houses built close to each other.
  • It is usually geographically located on the outskirts of a city, also known as the countryside.
  • Small settlements and reduced population typically characterize it.
  • The landscape is picturesque with a lot of trees, rivers, hills, mountains, cattle, dogs, etc.
  • The main occupation of the people in the village is agriculture.
  • The local governing body of the village is called Panchayat. The members of the governing body are the residents of the village.
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What is a City?

  • A city can be described as a large human settlement.
  • Compared to a village, a city has better facilities for housing, sanitation, transportation, electricity, etc.
  • The landscaping is concrete and lacks the charm of natural things.
  • People in the city do not engage in agriculture but in various other occupations like teachers, engineers, doctors, clerks, cleaners, etc.
  • The city has properly demarcated houses and boundaries for people. Inhabitants do not indulge in community living.
  • Cities do not have panchayats and directly fall under state governance.

Difference between a Village and a City

Mentioned below are some of the key Difference Between City and Village:

Village

City

A small group of settlements with houses close to each other indulging in community living.

A large group of settlements with each family having a properly demarcated space to live.

People depend on agriculture and the activities related to it. There is a lack of other employment opportunities.

A plethora of employment opportunities are available for city people.

The cost of living is not very high.

The cost of living is higher than in a village.

Low population is one of the major factors in the difference between city and village

A high population

Surrounded by farmlands, hills, rivers, etc.

Surrounded by concrete buildings and vehicles.

Lack of modern facilities like transportation, 24/7 electricity, housing, etc.

Almost all modern facilities are available.

 

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FAQs on Difference Between City and Village

Q.1. As there is a Difference Between City and Village, is it better to live in a city or village?

Even though there is a Difference Between City and Village, it does not mean that one is better than the other. Nowadays, many people are moving to cities for better employment opportunities. Depending on the kind of employment you are looking for, you can decide if you want to live in a city or a village.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between City and Village with regard to governing bodies?

The Difference Between City and Village with regard to governing bodies is that cities do not have panchayats and directly fall under state governance, whereas villages follow the panchayat system with the residents of the village being the members of the governing body.

Q.3. What is one major Difference Between City and Village?

One major Difference Between City and Village is that the cities offer various facilities like better infrastructure, reliable transportation, healthcare facilities, etc. whereas a village does not have as many facilities.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between City and Village with regard to size?

The Difference Between City and Village with regard to size is that villages are generally smaller groups of settlements that live close together whereas cities are large groups with each family having a properly demarcated space to live.