Which Methods are Used for Soil Conservation?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Soil Conservation is the method that is used to prevent the loss of top layer of the soil due to soil erosion or to prevent its fertility. There are a number of methods that are practiced for soil conservation. The most common method which is used for soil conservation is Crop Rotation, Contour Ploughing, and Improving Agricultural Practices.

Methods for Soil Conservation

Here are the three major methods that are adopted for the conservation of soil.

Crop Rotation

This includes growing different types of crops in the same geographical field and exchanging them with other crops in the same order over a period of time. This practice prevents the overconsumption of certain nutrients in the soil. Rotations occur on average of every 3-4 years.

Contour Ploughing 

Contour ploughing is the practice of plowing and planting trees along the slope of a geographic area, followed by the elevation contours of that area. It reduces soil erosion, promotes water infiltration, and reduces sediment runoff. It also maintains the quality and composition of the soil.

Improving Agricultural Practices

Terrace farming prevents the flow of water by removing minerals from the soil by slowing its speed and correcting the direction of its flow whereas Plant windbreaks such as trees or bushes are used to prevent unnecessary wind from blowing off the soil.


Which Methods are Used for Soil Conservation?

The methods which are used for soil conservation are contour farming, crop rotation, changing agricultural practices, etc. All of those measures which help to protect the top layer of the soil from destruction and depletion due to natural and unnatural resources are termed as soil conservation.

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