The Power House Of Cell Is Called

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The powerhouse of the cell is called Mitochondria. They are organelles found in eukaryotic cells also called the powerhouse of the cell because it participates in the process of aerobic respiration and produces ATP(a high-energy molecule for cellular function).

Characteristics of Mitochondria

  • This is the most important part of the cell as it receives nutrients and produces energy for the rest of the cell.
  • Mitochondria are double-membrane organelles with intricate internal structures.
  • The inner layers are tightly folded to form structures called cristae.
  • These structures provide a large surface area for chemical reactions to occur.
  • Mitochondria generate energy through cellular respiration, more specifically aerobic respiration.
  • Cell function affects the amount of mitochondria present. For example, muscle cells have more mitochondria because they need more energy. Red blood cells, on the other hand, move passively through the bloodstream. Therefore, they do not have mitochondria.


The Powerhouse Of Cell Is Called

Mitochondria are called the powerhouse of the cells. It is a cell organelle located in eukaryotic cells. 

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