When was the Supreme Court established in India for the first time?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Supreme Court was established on January 28, 1950, two days after India became a sovereign democratic republic. The inauguration occurred in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament Building, which housed the Parliament of India, consisting of the House of the People and Council of States.

Establishment of Supreme Court

  • The way was opened by the promulgation of the Regulation Act of 1773 by the King of England's establishment of the High Court of Judicature at Calcutta.
  • Letters Patent were issued on 26 March 1774 to establish the Supreme Court
  • Calcutta Judiciary as a Court with full power and jurisdiction to try and
  • to decide all complaints of any offenses, and also to hear, hear and decide them
  • suits or actions against any of His Majesty's subjects in Bihar, Bengal, and Orissa.
  • The Supreme Courts in Madras and Bombay were established by King George III. on the 26 December 1800 and December 8, 1823.
  • As provided by the Judiciary Act of 1789, one Chief Justice, John Jay, and five
  • Associates: James Wilson, William Cushing, John Blair, John Rutledge, and James Iredell.
  • The first Chief Justice of India was Mr. Sir Maurice Gwyer before independence. He took charge on 1 October 1937 and remained in office until 25 April 1943. Mr. M Gwyer was the Chief Justice of India in the pre-independence era.


When was the Supreme Court established in India for the first time?

Two days after becoming a sovereign democratic republic, the Supreme Court was established on 28 January 1950. It took place in the Parliament in the Chamber of Princes, which also housed the Indian Parliament having the Council of States and the House of the People.


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