Occurrence of Kal Baisakhi
Kal Baisakhi refers to wild winds or storms during the summer months, especially in the Northeastern regions of India. Some Indian states hugely affected by Kal Baisakhi winds are Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Assam, and other Northeastern states. In India and Bangladesh, some festivals are celebrated to prevent Kal Baisakhi or to pray that it doesn’t cause too much damage.
- The abrupt drop in temperature provides respite to the populace, and it is highly beneficial for pre-Kharif crops, including jute, paddy, summer till, and a wide range of vegetables and fruits.
- Due to gale-force winds that uproot trees and torrential rain that floods highways, Kalbaishakhi is destructive.
- Crop damage from hailstorms is common. However, it is very beneficial for Kharif crops like jute, paddy, and other similar ones since it provides relief from the midday heat and rainwater to the dry soils needed for the growth of the crops.
These storms are happening less frequently and getting stronger every day due to global warming, which is increasing havoc.
When and Where does Kal Baisakhi Occur?
Violent winds occurring due to the rising temperature and low-pressure troughs are termed Kal Baisakhi. These wild storms occur in the summer months of April and May, mainly in the Northeastern states and other regions like Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and even Bangladesh. These winds can attract cyclones that cause significant damage to life and property.