What are Monsoon Winds and How are they Caused?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Monsoon winds are switching wind patterns that are different over the complete year between the winter and summer months. When the air above a land area heats up and rises above the atmosphere, monsoon winds are caused. The process causes the wind to turn from the sea and blow toward the ground. These winds either blow toward the land or out to sea, depending on the season.

Monsoon Winds and their Causes

India’s monsoon is one of the most eminent of the world’s monsoon systems. During cooler months, the monsoon winds blow from the northeast of India, while during the hottest months of the year, the winds blow from the southwest. This wind movement from one region to another brings immense amounts of rainfall during June and July, which is the summer monsoon season.

A monsoon is a seasonal shift in the predominant or strongest winds in a given area. Much of the tropics experience wet and dry seasons as a result of monsoons. The Indian Ocean is most frequently connected with monsoons. Always moving from cold to warm regions, monsoons are responsible for seasonal shifts.

A seasonal change in the winds triggers a monsoon. Because the temperatures of the land and the water vary with the seasons, the winds also change. For instance, the land warms up more quickly than the water at the start of summer. Lastly, the monsoon winds are always moving from cold to warm regions.

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