What are the Different Causes of Local Winds?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Winds have a narrower range of movement, and among the different causes of local winds, one of the main causes is the uneven heating and cooling of the landmass. The local wind blows due to the land and ocean temperature difference, and the local wind is one type of wind. The wind blows because of variations in atmospheric pressure.

Different Causes of Local Winds

Pressure gradients, also known as pressure differences, can occur at various scales. No matter their size, whether global or local, they form due to variations in the Earth’s surface’s heating and cooling.

Local winds blow in a limited area at specific times or years. Coastal and land breeze, for instance. The types of local wind include:

Land Breeze:

A wind that blows from the land toward the sea is called a “land breeze.” It frequently runs at night.

Sea Breeze:

  • A sea breeze is a wind that originates from a vast body of water and blows toward land.
  • Due to the different heat capacities of water and dry ground, sea breeze emerges due to changes in air pressure.

Anabatic Winds:

These winds are upslope and caused by mountain slopes with warmer surface temperatures than the surrounding air column.

Katabatic Winds:

A katabatic wind is a downhill wind produced when the mountain surface is colder than the surrounding air.


What are the different causes of local winds?

Local winds are caused by various factors, including the uneven heating and cooling of the landmass and their smaller range of motion. The difference in temperature between the land and the ocean also causes the local wind, one type of wind, to blow.

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