What is kharif Crop with Example?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Kharif Crop farming starts in the monsoon season and is known as Monsoon Crops. Also, harvesting these crops starts during October at the time of autumn, also known as Autumn crops. Bajara, Rice, and Maze are some examples of Kharif crops. Farmers in countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc., farming of Kharif Crops during the monsoon season.

Example of Kharif Crops

Kharif Crop is also known as the Monsoon Crop as its cultivation starts with the onset of India’s Monsoon season. These crops are grown just at the commencement of the first Monsoon rains. The other important points of the Kharif crop are as follows:

  • “Kharif” is an Arabic word, and its meaning is Autumn. As you know, farmers harvest this crop during the Autumn season in October. That’s why it is known as Kharif Crops.
  • This word became popular in India during Mughal Empire. Farmers use the transplantation process commonly to sow seeds. Undoubtedly, it requires a lot more labour.
  • Require hot weather and a large amount of water to grow.
  • Rainfall affects the crops drastically. Low or excess rainfall destroys the crop.
  • When the rainy season is about to come in June, farmers cultivate the Kharif crops in their fields and wait till October to harvest.

Methods of Growing Kharif Crops

There are 3 methods of sowing the Kharif crops. Farmers use these methods according to their workforce, amount of land, and money to invest.

  • Japanese Technique – This technique is used to grow high-quality and quantity rice. In this technique, seeds sow in the nursery, where they get treatment with fertilizers and then sowed in the main field.
  • Broadcast Method – With the help of this method, farmers throw the seeds into the water stored in their fields. It needs less labour.
  • Plough Method- In this method, Ox, tractor, or other thing is used to plough a field, and then another person puts seeds in that hole.

Examples of Kharif Crop:

As you know, all of India’s states do not have the same dates for monsoon, so farmers wait for rain and start farming for Kharif Crops. Some examples are Paddy, maize, jawar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, etc. also, during this time, some fruits grow due to the monsoon.

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