Which Country is Known as the Land of Windmills?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Netherlands is known as the land of windmills due to its historic 1200 windmills. The Netherlands is also called Holland. In the Netherlands, there are over 1,200 old windmills. The windmill is seen as a symbol of Dutch culture. A windmill is a building designed to grind grain by converting wind energy into rotational energy through the use of blades.

Land of Windmills

A windmill is a structure that converts wind power into rotational energy via vanes known as sails or blades, primarily to mill grain (gristmills), but the term is also applied to windpumps, wind turbines, and other applications. Such devices are sometimes referred to as wind engines.

  • Windmills are classified into two types: horizontal windmills and vertical windmills. Vertical windmills were invented in the 12th century.
  • Vertical windmills were first used in Northwestern Europe.
  • With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the importance of windmills began to wane.

Country of Windmills – Netherlands

Some important and interesting facts about the Netherlands have been listed below:

  • Holland is the colloquial name for the Netherlands.
  • Belgium and Germany are the Netherlands’ neighbors in Europe.
  • Amsterdam is the Dutch city with the highest population.
  • The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Hague, Rotterdam, and Amsterdam.
  • The Netherlands’ Rotterdam is home to Europe’s busiest seaport.
  • One of the original members of the European Union (E.U.), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and World Trade Organization is the Netherlands (WTO).
  • The Netherlands is ranked very highly in a variety of metrics, including the Quality of Life Index, the World Happiness Index, the Human Development Index, and others.

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